What to Do When a Debt Collector Calls
Steps to Take Before, During, and After a Collection Call
Debt collector phone calls can catch you completely off guard. And when you’re unprepared for a conversation with a debt collector, you can end up making an agreement to pay a collection you can’t afford. Or, you may get into a heated argument with a collector who insists you immediately pay a debt you don’t think you owe. When you get a call from a debt collector, don't panic. Keep a level head and follow these steps.
Make Sure You Have Time to Talk
If you’re too busy to write down some information about the collector, tell them you can’t talk right now and ask them to call back at a time that’s better for you. Even if you want the debt collector to stop calling you for good, you need to at least write down their name and address so you can send a written cease and desist letter1. When you do have time to talk, go to the next step.
Get a Pen and Paper
The debt collector will definitely take notes on your phone call. You should, too. Your notes will come in handy if you’re ever facing a collector in court or if you ever need to recall a previous conversation.
Here’s some basic information you should write down anytime you speak with a debt collector: date and time of the phone call, the name of the collector you spoke to, name and address of collection agency, the amount you allegedly owe, the name of the original creditor, and everything discussed in the phone call.
Ask the Collector to Send Information About the Debt
You can say something like, “I don’t believe I owe this debt. Can you send information about it?” The collector will need to verify your address before they can send a bill for the debt. It’s ok to update your address – they could get an updated address from the credit bureau anyway if you’re getting bills at your current address. Remember, not to say anything that makes you liable for the debt.
Don't Admit to the Debt
Think of this phone call as an interrogation where you're innocent until proven guilty. Don't make a payment or make a payment arrangement until you’ve confirmed that the debt is yours and that the collector can collect on it.
Don't Give Information About Your Income, Debts, or Other Bills
Debt collectors can get some of this information from your credit report and may even use it to get you to make immediate payment. For example, they may say “I see that you’re current on all your credit card payments. Surely you can make payment on this debt.” Or “Aren’t you employed with ABC Company. That means you can pay this.
Remember any information you give during the phone call will be used to collect the debt. If you're not ready to pay, there's no use having a discussion about your personal or financial information.
Hang Up, If Necessary
If a debt collector catches you off guard, you’re in no position to negotiate. You need time to make sure the debt is yours and decide whether you can afford to pay the debt and if it even makes sense to pay off the debt. When a debt collector calls you, keep the conversation short. You only need to say a few things:
- “This is not a good time. Please call back at 6.”
- “I don’t believe I owe this debt. Can you send information on it?”
- “I prefer to pay the original creditor. Give me your address so I can send you a cease and desist letter.”
- “My employer does not allow me to take these calls at work.”
Anything else you say regarding the debt or your willingness or ability to pay could be used against you.
After the Call, Decide What to Do Next
Once you’re off the phone, you can do a few things: dispute the debt using the debt validation process, send a cease and desist letter, ask for a pay for delete, make a settlement offer, or pay the debt in full. You could just ignore the debt, but that’s not often the best solution especially if it's within the statute of limitations and credit reporting time limits.
1. Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, Section 1692c(a)(C). "Ceasing Communication." Accessed Sept. 30, 2019.
2. Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, Section 1592g. "Validation of Debts." Accessed Sept. 30, 2019.