What is the 10% Savings Rule?
Why the 10% Savings Rule Doesn't Work For All
The 10% savings rule says you should save about 10% of your income for retirement. If you have no idea how much to save, it gives you a starting place, but this is NOT a one-size-fits-all-rule; more of a general guideline that may work for you.
In reality, the more you make, and the later you start saving, the more you need to save. If you started saving in your early 20’s and consistently saved 10% of everything you made, the 10% savings rule would work.
But how many 20-somethings do that?
Most people find themselves in their mid 40’s or 50’s when they first give serious thought to saving for retirement. If that’s you, and your career is doing well, a 10% savings rate is probably not going to be enough. But 10%, or any amount of regular savings, is better than none.
When doesn’t the 10% rule work?
Everybody has a different financial situation; different ages, marital situations, pension amounts, careers, etc. There is no way one savings rule can apply to all those different situations.
If you are a high income earner, you will need to save much more than 10% of your income if you want to maintain a similar lifestyle in retirement. An alternative to saving more would be a planned lifestyle downsize once you retire--a smaller home, less expensive cars, more home cooking, etc.
What if you can’t save 10%?
If you can’t save 10% of your income, don’t get discouraged and give up.
Take a good look at the facts and set a savings goal that you can achieve. If you are just recovering from a divorce, job loss, or death of a spouse, it is going to take time to get your finances in order. Here are 8 Step to Starting Over Financially After 50.
If you can’t save enough because you are an over-spender, get serious about living within your means.
Where should you save?
Once you’ve committed to saving, the question is where to put your money? First, make sure you have an emergency fund. Once that is in place you can look at funding retirement accounts. Here are a few resources to help:
- How much should I contribute to my 401k plan?
- Traditional IRA or Roth IRA? How to determine which is best.
Could a 10% savings rate be too high?
Amazingly enough, some people save too much. Once you have enough (plus a little more) to finance the retirement lifestyle you want to lead, cut back on your retirement savings. People that are in that situation and yet continue to forego any extras and save more each year are over-saving. Just as it is a struggle to get some people to save more, it can be a struggle to get over-savers to save less and use some of their money to go enjoy a few more things.
How Much Should I Save?
There are plenty of rules-of-thumb like the 10% rule but all are general in nature and don't take into account your unique financial attributes.
You can find calculators online that drill down on your finances and give you a more accurate estimate of how much to save but the best way is still meet with a financial planner. They can look at all of your information and create a saving plan that will set you up for success later in life.