What Is an Occupational Therapy Aide?

Occupational Therapy Aide
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An occupational therapy aide (OT Aide) prepares materials and equipment for occupational therapists (OTs) and assistants (OTAs) to use to treat patients who have lost the ability to perform activities of daily living. He or she helps patients who need assistance getting to and from treatment rooms. Patients are typically ill or have an injury or disability.

An OT aide may also be responsible for clerical duties such as answering phones, scheduling appointments and filing patient records.

Unlike an occupational therapist or an occupational therapy assistant, an OT aide does not provide direct patient care, but he or she helps facilitate treatment by providing support for those who do.

Quick Facts About Occupational Therapy Aides

  • They earned a median annual salary of $26,550 or $12.76 per hour in 2014.
  • In 2012, approximately 8,000 people were employed in this occupation.
  • Most worked in occupational therapists' offices and hospitals.
  • Employment is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through 2024. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, its excellent job outlook makes occupational therapy assistant a "bright outlook" career. 

How to Become an Occupational Therapy Aide

To get an entry-level position, you will need just a high school or equivalency diploma. Your employer will provide on-the-job training that will last from a few days to a few weeks.

You will learn how to set up equipment and keep treatment rooms germ-free.

What Soft Skills Do You Need to Succeed in This Career?

These are some of the soft skills OT aides need to succeed in this field:

  • Active Listening: Strong listening skills will allow you to understand, and therefore, follow instructions from occupational therapists and assistants. It will also help you care for your patients.
  • Verbal Communication: You must be able to clearly convey information to your colleagues and patients.
  • Interpersonal Skills: In addition to excellent listening and speaking skills, you must be able to understand non-verbal cues, coordinate your actions with others and show empathy and sympathy.
  • Service Orientation: You must have a desire to help people.
  • Detail Oriented: Attention to detail is imperative, especially when it comes to following therapists' instructions, keeping treatment rooms clean and tidy, and helping patients complete forms.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • Prepare treatment rooms for therapy sessions
  • Maintain and clean equipment and treatment rooms
  • Transport patients to therapy areas
  • Move patients who have mobility problems
  • Maintain a stock of supplies and linens
  • Perform administrative duties, for example answering the telephone, scheduling appointments, record keeping, reporting, filing, and reviewing and completing insurance paperwork

Differences Between an Occupational Therapy Aide and an Occupational Therapist Assistant

OT aides and assistants differ from one another significantly regarding their educational requirements and job duties. OT aides need only a high school or equivalency diploma while OT assistants must earn an associate degree from an accredited training program.

Assistants must be licensed or registered by the state in which they want to work. There is no such requirement for aides. Occupational therapist assistants help patients do therapeutic activities under an occupational therapist's supervision, but OT aides' are responsible only for tasks that are indirectly related to patient care.

What Will Employers Expect From You?


Here are some requirements from actual job announcements found on Indeed.com and SimplyHired:

  • "Must have a positive attitude and be good with people"
  • "Able to lift, transfer and guard patients safely with appropriate assistance without likelihood of injury to the patient or oneself"
  • "Excellent communication (both oral and written) skills"
  • "Must have basic computer and office equipment experience "
  • "Capable of following standard procedures and detailed instructions"
  • "Knowledge of basic medical terminology desirable"

Is This Occupation a Good Fit for You?

Take this quiz to find out if you should become an occupational therapy aide.

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    Physical Therapy AidesPrepares and cleans treatment rooms, maintains equipment and supplies, and performs clerical tasks for physical therapists$24,650HS or Equivalency Diploma + on-the-job training
    Pharmacy TechnicianHelps pharmacists fill prescriptions$29,810HS or Equivalency Diploma + on-the-job training or postsecondary training program
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    Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 (visited December 23, 2015).
    Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, O*NET Online (visited December 23, 2015).

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