The U.S. government set up the Pell Grant program to help students from lower-income families attend college, but many students find that they don't qualify. This usually happens because their parents make above a set amount each year.
It can be frustrating to realize that you don't have this help even if you're completely on your own financially, but you don't have to let it stop you from attending school. You still have options available to you if you find yourself in this situation.
Pell Grant Limits
The Pell Grant income limits don't change based on family size or other conditions. One of the questions is based on age, so you still might not qualify even if you're completely independent of your parents and they no longer claim you as a dependent on their taxes.
And the maximum amount you can qualify for from July 1, 2019, through June 30, 2020, is $6,195. You might well need more than this to fund a year in school even if the Pell Grant Program doesn't entirely leave you out in the cold. You'll have to find other ways to raise money to cover college expenses.
Apply for Needs-Based Scholarships
Begin by applying for need-based scholarships through your college or university. Speak with the financial aid office at your school and explain your situation. Your school might be more lenient than the Pell Grant FAFSA form when it comes to not including your parents’ income in some situations.
You can also apply for national needs-based scholarships. Check with your employer and your parents' employers to see if their organizations offer scholarships, or search online at sites like StudentScholarshipSearch. Local community groups often offer scholarships as well.
Scholarships can add up even when their amounts individually don't seem significant.
Make it a goal to apply for a certain number of scholarships each year. Merit-based scholarships might be easier to qualify for in the spring and summer terms.
Choose a Different College
Consider attending a more affordable college or university. Private universities are great, but plenty of excellent state universities can provide you with a quality education at a much more affordable price. Switching to a school with in-state tuition will likely save you more than you would have received in Pell Grant money.
Look into summer school sessions as another way to save on your tuition. Some schools offer lower tuition rates in the summer. The workload might be different than during the regular school year, however, so research the classes and professors carefully when you sign up.
Apply for a Student Loan
You can apply for a student loan and apply for a Pell Grant as well—you don't have to choose one or the other. You can apply for loans even if you ultimately decide not to use them. You'll have access to the money it turns out that you'll need it.
It might be a good idea to do this for your freshmen year at least because you won't know yet what kind of job you'll be able to find and maintain while you're in school.
Try to avoid taking out private student loans because the repayment terms can be more difficult and the interest rate is typically higher. Look to the government instead. Some federal student loans don't require that you establish a financial need. They include the Direct Unsubsidized Loan, and your parents might be able to take out a Parents Plus Loan.
Find a College Job
Make the most of your college job. Try to earn as much as possible in the hours you've set aside to work. Working in the summer and saving that money can also help with expenses.
You might find that you have to work multiple jobs during these months so you can manage financially when you're attending classes again.
Keep Your Living Expenses Low
Cut your other expenses while you're in school. Sick to a tight budget in college. You want to graduate with as little debt as possible, so you might want to consider living at home if that's an option. Your parents should still be able to claim you as a dependent on their taxes, and the savings might be more than what you would have received from a Pell Grant.