A Guide to CSA Point Values and Transportation

Compliance, Safety and Accountability Points (CSA Points) are part of a safety enforcement program administered by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The FMCSA regulates commercial vehicles, and its CSA program is designed to ensure that drivers and their employers are complying with safety standards.

Under the program, points are assessed anytime a violation occurs, so fleets want to have scores that are as low as possible. While different violations have different point values, there is no specific score that leads to action on the part of the FMCSA. Fleets are ranked based on their points totals, and the closer to the bottom of the rankings a fleet is, the more likely it is to face potential further action from the FMCSA.

Common infractions are listed within broader subcategories along with their point values and designations under the electronic code of federal regulations.

01
Driving Violations

Truck driver in cab
Monty Rakusen/Getty Images

10-Point Violations

  • Reckless driving—392.2
  • Speeding 15 or more mph—392.2
  • Speeding in construction zones—392.2
  • Driving after being declared out of service—395.13
  • Driver uses or is in possession of drugs—392.4
  • Violating an out-of-service order for improper alcohol use—392.5

8-Point Violations

7-Point Violations

  • Speeding 11 to 14 mph—392.2
  • Adverse driving condition violations (Alaska)—395.1

5-Point Violations

  • Failure to obey a traffic control device—392.2
  • Following too close—392.2
  • Improper lane change—392.2
  • Improper passing—392.2
  • Railroad grade crossing violation—392.2
  • Improper turns—392.2
  • Failure to yield the right-of-way—392.2
  • Bus failing to stop at a railroad crossing—392.10
  • Chlorine load failing to stop at a railroad crossing—392.10
  • Placard load failing to stop at a railroad crossing—392.10
  • Failing to use caution in hazardous conditions—392.14
  • Using or equipping a radar detector in a commercial motor vehicle (CMV)—392.71
  • Driver is in possession of, currently using, or under the influence of alcohol in the 4​-hour period immediately preceding coming on-duty—392.5

4-Point Violations

  • Speeding between 6 and 10 mph—392.2
  • Operating as an interstate driver under the age of 21—391.11
  • Non-English speaking driver—391.11
  • Failure to understand English language so as to decipher road signs and signals—391.11

2-Point Violations

  • Lacking physical qualifications—391.11

02
E-Log and/or EOBR Violations

5-Point Violations

  • Electronic on-board computer (EOBR) device information requirements not met—395.15
  • EOBR device failure, and driver failure, to reconstruct duty status—395.15

1-Point Violations

  • EOBR device improper form and manner—395.15
  • EOBR device information not available—395.15

03
Hours of Service Violations

10-Point Violations

  • Operating a CMV while ill or fatigued—392.3

7-Point Violations

  • Violating state and/or local hours of service (HOS) laws—392.2
  • 15, 20, 70/80 HOS violations (Alaska-Property)—395.1
  • 16-hour rule violation—395.1
  • Requiring or permitting a driver to drive over 11 hours—395.3
  • 11-hour rule violation—395.3
  • Requiring or permitting a driver to drive past 14 hours on-duty—395.3
  • 14-hour rule violation—395.3
  • 60/70 hour rule violation—395.3
  • 34-hour restart violation—395.3
  • Violating HOS (migrant worker)—398.6

04
Mobile Device Violations

10-Point Violations

  • Using a mobile phone while operating a CMV—392.82
  • Motor Carrier (MC) either requiring or allowing a driver to use a mobile phone while driving a CMV—392.82
  • Texting while operating a CMV—390.17

05
Paperwork Violations

8-Point Violations

  • Operating a CMV with more than one driver's license—383.21
  • Operating a CMV without a commercial driver's license (CDL)—383.23
  • Operating a CMV with only a learners permit—383.23
  • Operating a CMV with a disqualified CDL—383.51
  • Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a safety-related or unknown reason and in the state of driver's license issuance—383.51
  • Operating a CMV with an improper CDL classification—383.91

7-Point Violations

  • Falsified logs—395.8

5-Point Violations

  • No record of duty status—395.8
  • Log not current to most recent duty status—395.8
  • Missing previous 7 days logs—395.8
  • Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a non-safety-related reason and in the state of driver's license issuance—383.51
  • Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a safety-related or unknown reason and outside the state of driver's license issuance—383.51

4-Point Violations

  • Drivers must have knowledge of, and comply with, regulations—396.11
  • Missing or inadequate driver vehicle inspection report—396.11
  • Missing reviewing driver's signature on the driver vehicle inspection report—396.13

2-Point Violations

  • Driver not physically qualified—398.3

1-Point  Violations

  • General form and manner log violation—395.8
  • Driving a CMV while CDL is suspended for a non-safety-related reason and outside the state of driver's license issuance—383.51
  • Driver not in possession of a valid medical card—391.41
  • Driver not in possession of a medical waiver (when required)—391.49

06
Bus Violations

10-Point Violations

  • Operating a bus while fatigued—392.3
  • Pushing and/or towing a loaded bus—392.63

8-Point Violations

  • Operating a school bus without a school bus endorsement—383.93
  • Bus tire regrooved or is a recap on the front wheel—393.75

7-Point Violations

  • 15, 20, 70/80 HOS violations (Alaska-Passenger)—395.1
  • 10 hour rule violation—395.5
  • 15 hour rule violation—395.5
  • 60/70 hour rule violation—395.5

4-Point Violations

  • None, or defective, bus front brake line protection—393.44

3-Point Violations

  • Violation of bus heater fuel tank location—393.77

2-Point Violations

  • Bus driveshaft not properly protected—393.89
  • Missing or obscured standee line—393.9
  • Improper aisle seats—393.91
  • Seatbelts not installed—393.93

1-Point  Violations

  • Unsafe bus operations—392.62
  • Standees forward of the standee line on a bus—392.62
  • Baggage and/or freight restricts the driver's operation—392.62
  • Exits are obstructed by either baggage or freight—392.62
  • Passengers are not protected from falling baggage—392.62
  • Either none, or defective, bus emergency exits on buses manufactured on or after 09/01/1994—393.62
  • Either none, or defective, bus emergency exits on buses manufactured on or after 09/01/1994—393.62
  • Either none, or defective, bus emergency exit windows on buses manufactured on or after 09/01/1973—393.62
  • Either none, or defective, safety glass or push out window on buses manufactured on or after 09/01/1973—393.62
  • Either none, or defective, bus emergency exit markings on buses manufactured on or after 09/01/1973—393.62
  • Improper exhaust on a gasoline operated bus—393.83
  • Improper exhaust on a diesel operated bus—393.83