Car title loans are like comfortable beds: They’re easy to get into, but you eventually need to get out. They’re typically expensive, and they tend to stick around a lot longer than you initially expected. As a result, you may continue to pay and roll the loan over, month after month. Title loans are also risky—you can potentially lose your car, making it hard to get to work and travel safely (unless you have reliable public transportation).
Here are six options for legally getting out of an auto title loan, plus a few tips to protect your finances.
The Ideal Solution
The most straightforward approach is to pay off your loan, but that’s more easily said than done. If you had the money, you wouldn’t have borrowed in the first place. But if you now have the cash to repay, contact your lender, and ask for payoff instructions.
Swap Out the Car
If you don’t have extra money available, it may make sense to sell the car to generate cash. Selling is difficult when you don’t have a clean title (when you still owe money), but it’s possible. Downgrading to a less expensive—but still safe—vehicle could save you hundreds or thousands in interest and fees. You can also free up cash flow every month with smaller payments.
Refinance or Consolidate
Another way to get rid of your title loan is to replace it with a different loan. This doesn’t solve the main problem (that you’re short on cash), but it can stop the bleeding. A fixed-rate loan from a bank, credit union, or online lender is often less expensive than rolling your title loan over month after month. Even a convenience check from a credit card can reduce your costs—as long as you are certain you’ll pay it off before any promotions end. Paying off the title loan also allows you to get your title back.
If you’re having trouble getting approved for a better loan, visit local banks and credit unions, where you have a better chance of qualifying. Online peer-to-peer lenders are also worth a look. If all else fails, somebody close to you might be willing to co-sign and help you get approved. Just make sure they understand and are willing and able to take on the risk of paying off the loan in the event you don't.
Your existing lender might be willing to work with you, so it’s worth trying to negotiate. Offer what you can afford to pay and see whether the lender accepts it. Especially if your finances are spinning out of control, your lender might prefer to get something from you before you become completely insolvent. Even when things aren’t dire, you might find that your lender has options available. For example, there may be a way to lower your interest rate or make other adjustments that lower your payments.
If your lender agrees to take less than you owe, your credit will suffer because you will have paid less than the previously agreed-upon amount. You’ll have lower credit scores for several years, and borrowing will be more difficult and expensive for you during that time. Still, a settlement can help you get back on stable ground.
Another option is to simply stop paying, but you should carefully consider the repercussions before going this route. Defaulting on a loan will damage your credit, and your lender will eventually repossess the car. As a result, you’re left with bad credit and no car, and you’ll probably still owe money. Offering to voluntarily surrender your vehicle can improve the situation, but you’ll still see lower credit scores. On the bright side, you’ll be done with monthly payments, and that might be enough to get your finances in better shape.
Filing for Bankruptcy
In many cases, bankruptcy offers limited relief from auto title loans. It can help you avoid personal liability for a deficiency judgment—a legal judgment declaring you must pay the difference between the value of the car and the amount you still owe on the car. But the car often continues to serve as collateral for the loan and can be taken if you fail to repay.
Before you take the rather drastic action of filing for bankruptcy, you should consider discussing your situation with a local attorney. A professional who is licensed in your area might identify important details that this article does not address.
Avoiding Title Loans
Your best bet is to avoid title loans in the first place. Once you put this financial challenge behind you, get prepared for the next financial one. Build up an emergency savings fund of three to six months’ worth of expenses (or preferably more), and improve your credit so that you will have more options when you need to borrow.
The Military Lending Act (MLA) provides additional legal protections against wrongful lending practices for service members and certain dependents. Among other protections, the MLA prevents service members from being charged an interest rate of more than 36% or being assessed a penalty for repaying a loan early.
If you have questions about the MLA, you can contact Military OneSource, which can address them.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What happens when a title loan company goes out of business?
If a company you owe money to goes out of business, you may or may not be relieved of your debt. Debt collection agencies specialize in buying debt from companies that don't want to collect it, including companies going out of business. Your debt may be sold to one of these debt collectors as the title loan company tries to recoup as many losses as possible. If that happens, nothing has changed as a borrower, and you still owe your full debt.
How much can I get with a title loan?
You may be able to get a loan worth up to 50% of your car's value. Remember to factor in the costs of the loan when deciding whether the loan is a smart choice for your financial situation.