The U.S. Postal Service Federal Credit Union (USPS FCU), which was founded in 1934, is a credit union explicitly designed for U.S. postal workers and their families and employees of select groups. The USPS FCU is different from most banks and financial institutions because they're member-owned and not-for-profit. As of 2020, USPS FCU serves over 24,781 members.
- Pros and Cons
- Company Overview
Relatively high rates on savings accounts and CDs
Surcharge-free ATM access nationwide at CIRRUS, Allpoint, CULIANCE, ACCEL, and CO-OP Network locations
Discounts on car purchases
Only 6 branch locations (Raleigh, Greater Los Angeles, Pittsburgh, and 3 in the D.C. area)
No business banking options
Accounts can't be opened online
- Official Website www.uspsfcu.org
- Bank Product Offerings Checking accounts, savings accounts, money market accounts, share certificates (CDs), credit cards, individual retirement accounts (IRAs)
- Customer Service Phone available 24/7, mobile app banking
- Year Founded 1934
Who Is USPS FCU Best For?
USPS FCU should appeal to eligible customers who want lower interest rates on loans and higher yields on investments. It may be a particularly good fit for customers who want to:
- Earn a competitive APY on CD accounts
- Open a checking account with no minimum balance requirement
- Enjoy surcharge-free ATM access nationwide
- Have 24-hour online banking access
- Consolidate student loans
- Earn cash rewards when buying a home
What Does USPS FCU Offer?
USPS FCU offers a wide range of financial services for both everyday use and long-term savings.
- Checking Accounts
- Savings Accounts
- Share Certificates (CDs)
- Individual Retirement Accounts
- Money market accounts
- Credit cards
There are three checking accounts to choose from at USPS Federal Credit Union:
- Access Checking
- Interest Checking
- Money Market Checking
Access Checking is a basic checking account; Interest Checking pays dividends on deposits, and; Money Market Checking combines the benefits of saving and checking into one account. Here's a side-by-side comparison of each account's features:
|No monthly balance requirement||No monthly service charges on average monthly balances of $250; accounts that average less than $250 are subject to a $5 monthly fee||$2,000 daily minimum balance required|
|No minimum deposit to open||No minimum balance requirement for members under age 24 and over age 59||$10 monthly service fee if the minimum balance requirement isn't met|
|Unlimited check-writing and 50 free initial checks||0.05% APY (0.10% for Relationship Rewards members)||0.10% APY (0.10-0.35% for Relationship Rewards members)|
Interest and Money Market Checking both offer a slightly higher APY for Relationship Rewards members. To qualify for the Relationship Rewards program, members must have one of the following:
- A qualifying direct deposit of $1,500 or more into a checking account with a debit card and enrollment in online banking
- Loan balances totaling $25,000 or more
- Deposit balances totaling $25,000 or more
- First mortgage loan with the Credit Union Mortgage Association
In addition to an APY bump, Relationship Rewards members also enjoy other benefits including:
- 1% rate discount on vehicle and signature loans
- Bonus dividends on share savings, IRAs, interest checking, and money market savings accounts
- $1,000 credit on home equity loan closing costs
- $500 credit on first mortgage closing costs
- Free shared branch transactions—which allows members to conduct business with USPS FCU at any Credit Union that's part of the network
- No fees on foreign ATMs
Qualification for the Relationship Rewards program is determined monthly.
USPS FCU offers three savings accounts:
- Club Accounts
- Regular Share Savings
- Money Market Savings Accounts
Club Accounts are designed for savers who have a specific goal. For example, you can open an account to save for vacations, Christmas and holiday shopping, taxes, and special-purpose savings, such as a wedding, college, or home repairs. With a Club Account, you commit to saving a minimum amount weekly or biweekly.
You can add money to your account via direct deposit, payroll allotment, or at a branch, and it can be as little as $5 biweekly. These accounts earn a 0.10% APY and require a $250 minimum balance. The credit union also offers club account options for kids. Because you're saving for a special purpose, there is a set disbursement date from these accounts:
- Vacation Club Account: Mid-May
- Christmas Club Account: Early December
- Tax Club Account: Mid-March
- Special Purpose Account: Withdrawn upon request
You may be charged a $10 fee for making an early withdrawal from your Club account.
A Regular Share Account is required for membership in USPS Federal Credit Union. There's a $10 minimum deposit—$5 goes into your account; $5 covers your membership fee. The Money Market Savings Account allows you to earn interest on savings and write up to three checks per month on the account. You'll need at least a $5,000 minimum balance to earn dividends with this account.
Rates for both Regular Share Savings and Money Market Savings Accounts are tiered by balance.
|Account Type||Minimum Balance to Earn APY||APY|
|Regular Share Savings||$250||0.05%|
|Money Market Savings||$5,000||0.05%|
Share Certificate Accounts
Certificate Accounts are the equivalent of CD accounts. USPS FCU Certificate Accounts have:
- Terms ranging from 1 to 5 years
- $250 minimum deposit
- Guaranteed rates for the certificate term
- Interest that calculates daily and compounds and credits quarterly
There are four types of certificates to choose from:
- Share Certificates
- Starter Certificates
- Young Saver's Certificates
- e-Certificates (offered through the credit union's online banking portal)
- Money Market Certificates
- Monthly Income Share Certificates
Here's how the APYs compare for each type of CD:
|Account Type||Certificate Term||APY|
|Share Certificate||12 months||0.20%|
|Starter Certificate ($1 minimum balance; $1,000 maximum)||12 months||0.35%|
|Young Saver's Certificate ($1 minimum balance; $3,000 maximum)||12 months||0.35%|
|Money Market Certificate||26 weeks||0.25%|
The Monthly Income Share Certificate is a special type of certificate account designed to provide savers with monthly income. It requires a $10,000 minimum balance.
Withdrawing money from a share certificate account prior to the maturity date may trigger a penalty which could detract from interest earnings.
Individual Retirement Accounts
USPS FCU gives you two ways to save for retirement: IRA Savings Accounts (both traditional and Roth) and IRA Share Certificates. As of 2021, the contribution limits for traditional and Roth IRA Savings Accounts is $6,000, or $7,000 if you're over age 50. Below is a comparison of them:
|Traditional vs. Roth IRA|
|Withdrawals||Penalty-free for higher education or first home purchase||Penalty-free after 5 years|
|Required Minimum Distribution Age||72, unless you reach 70 1/2 before 1/1/2020.||N/A|
IRA Share Certificates, which have a $250 minimum balance, offer the same tax advantages as an IRA Savings Account, with potentially higher yields over fixed terms from 1 to 5 years. Here are their term lengths and respective APYs:
- 12 months: 0.60%
- 24 months: 0.70%
- 60 months: 1.00%
You can also open one of these certificate accounts as a Coverdell Education Savings Account. With this type of account, you can save for your child's education expenses on a tax-deferred basis until they're 18 years old. You can contribute up to $2,000 annually, and withdrawals are tax-free if used for qualified higher education expenses. If not used for education, funds must be withdrawn by the child's 30th birthday to avoid a tax penalty.
Roth IRA and Coverdell ESA eligibility are based on your adjusted gross income.
Money Market Accounts
USPS FCU's money market account lets you have full access to your money while you earn higher dividend rates than traditional savings accounts at mega-banks.
- $5,000 minimum balance
- 0.05-0.30% APY
Dividends are calculated from the day of deposit and paid out monthly. The account also allows for six withdrawals or transfers each month—three of which can be made by MMSA checks.
USPS FCU offers three credit card options:
- VISA Platinum Reward: One point per $1 spent
- VISA Platinum: Lower rates
- VISA Secured: Useful for building or repairing credit
Here are some perks of the cards:
- No annual fee
- No foreign transaction fees
- No minimum finance charges
- 25-day grace period on purchases
- Cell phone protection
- Baggage delay insurance
- Roadside dispatch
- Travel and emergency services
Other Financial Products From USPS FCU
USPS FCU also offers a large selection of other offerings:
- Mortgage loans
- Home equity loans
- Vehicle loans
- Personal loans
- Education loans
- Student loan consolidation
USPS FCU's Customer Service
USPS FCU doesn't offer a customer service option like online chat abilities, but phone banking is available by calling (800) 877-7328, or (301) 856-5000 if you're in the Maryland, D.C., or Virginia area. You can access the system 24/7. Customers may not particularly like that you can't open an account online, but that's the primary inconvenience. The mobile app is basic compared to larger banks, but it covers most of the necessities people could need.
How to Bank With USPS FCU
The first step to opening an account with USPS FCU is determining if you're eligible for membership. You can join if:
- You're an employee or retiree of the U.S. Postal Service
- You're a family member of a USPS FCU member
- You're an employee of a Select Group
Non-USPS employers looking to offer their employees the benefits of a Credit Union may request to become a sponsor by submitting a brief letter to USPS FCU. Those granted sponsorship become a part of the bank's Select Group Membership program and enjoy the same benefits as USPS employees. To be eligible, the organization must:
- Be within 50 miles of the USPS FCU main office or one of its branches
- Have at least 25 employees
- Have been in business at least three years
- Offer Direct Deposit or Payroll Allotment
To open a checking, savings, or share account, you'll need to visit a branch location. If there isn't a location within a reasonable distance of you, you can fill out a new account application and mail or fax it to (301) 856-4061. Like any financial institution, you'll need to provide personal information and proof of eligibility when opening an account.
Some of the best features of the USPS FCU include the competitive rates offered on certificate accounts and the low APRs associated with loan products. Select Group membership also allows a larger group of people—beyond postal employees and their families—to join the credit union. Overall, it offers a solid selection of account types to cover virtually every personal banking need. These perks are enhanced by additional benefits like financial education and counseling, investment services, car buying assistance, and cash rewards for home buyers.
The limited branch availability is a downside, but shared branch banking does make up for it to a degree. The fact that you have to visit a branch to open an account could make it an inconvenient choice for someone who doesn't live near a branch location. Also, if you want to save but don't want to commit to a certificate account, the rates on savings and money market accounts are less competitive than other credit unions and banks.