3 Common Types of Grout - All About Tile

Different Types of Grout and When to Use Them

tile grout
Grout type can vary depending on the joint size. Photo DDFIC flickr

Can you choose the correct type of grout? Choosing the type of grout depends on the style,  tile color and type of material selected. Grout is used to fill in the joints between floor and wall tiles, being the most common ones the sanded grout or Non-Sanded grout. Grout can be water-resistant; however, water or other liquids will most likely penetrate the joint and reach the backing. The best thing is to always seal your grout and it is a maintenance issue to be done every 2 to 3 years.

When to Use Non-Sanded Grouts

Non-sanded grout is a cement based grout normally used on smaller tile joints. It is recommended in floor and wall tiling projects with grout joints spacing between 1/16th to 1/8th inch. When non-sanded grout is used to fill wider joints, the grout could possibly crack due to the lack of bonding that the sands provide. This grout is designed for use in tile surfaces that are dry when the grout is applied. The water retentive additive allows the grout to stay moist until the cement cures properly. Unsanded grout is easier to work on vertical surfaces because it is normally in much more solid state that the sanded grout.

Is Sanded Grout the Right Solution?

Sanded grout is generally used for larger joints. Sanded grout types consist of a cement-based mortar that have small sand grains added to it to help it when setting. Adding the sand to the grout, provide a stronger grout that is normally used in joints larger than 1/8th inch. It is an excellent alternative for natural stone, marble tiles, glass and heavier tile materials.

This grout should be applied to moistened tile, no puddled water in the joint, and damp cured. Depending upon the polish of the stone the sand in the grout may actually scratch it. If you decide to use sanded make sure you test it in an inconspicuous area first to make sure it will not scratch your existing flooring.

How Epoxy Grout Can Be the Best Solution

Epoxy grout forms an impermeable barrier to liquids and doesn’t require additional sealing of the joint. This grout type prevents the growth of bacteria and limits the amount of cracking. Epoxy grout offers water resistant properties and it is recommended for quarry tile, ceramic, porcelain and countertops. It is ideal when the tile is exposed to large amounts of water and it is available in both sanded and unsanded varieties. It is ideal when there is a lot of chemical and grease in the area on however depending on the brand of epoxy, you have only a limited amount of time to get everything grouted before the grout becomes stiff enough to be unworkable. The only drawback of epoxy grout would be the price as it is fairly expensive but can be used in any tile application.

For longer working time, put the epoxy grout in the freezer as it will reduce the setting time allowing you to have more time to work with it.

Types of Grout: Furan Grout

Furan grout are similar to epoxy, but are composed of polymers of fortified alcohols that are highly chemical resistant. Furan grout is used to grout brick pavers and quarry tile and it is also recommended in areas exposed to chemicals and grease.

The tile surfaces may be smooth, non-skid, or abrasive depending on the intended use for the floor. The tile or brick surfaces must receive a wax coating to protect them from staining prior to the installation of furan. They are used for industrial projects such as laboratories, dairies, and meat packing plants. Furan grout is only available in black and precautions should be made when mixing to avoid breathing the vapors. Special skills are required for proper installation and should be used when temperatures are between 70-80 degrees.

How Much Will Grout Installation Can Cost?

It all depends on the level of expertise of the contractor and the area on which the tile grout will be installed.

When the area is bigger you might want to provide some savings because of the sizing, but it will also depend on the grout type being applied: sanded, non-sanded or epoxy. As an average it is safe to say that the cost can be ranging between $1.75 to $4.00 per square foot.