4 Types of Debt Consolidation Loans

Debt Consolidation Loan Options

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Paying off debt can be difficult, especially when you have to divide your money among several different credit cards, loans, or other debts. You may have considered a debt consolidation loan to help make your debt payments easier.

A debt consolidation loan allows you to combine all your debts into a single, lower interest rate loan. This is particularly beneficial when you have high interest rates debts.

Combining your debts this way allows you to lower your monthly payment and makes it easier for you to afford your monthly bills. There are a few different types of loans you can use to consolidate your debt.

Home Equity Loans

A home equity loan is a loan that's taken out using the equity in your home as collateral. You typically must have a fair amount of equity in your home and good credit to qualify for a home equity loan. While the interest rates are typically lower than other types of loans, the drawback is that your home is now on the line for your credit card debt. If the payments become unaffordable, you face foreclosure on your home. Because of that, it's generally not a good idea to use a home equity loan as a debt consolidation loan.

Credit Card Balance Transfers

With a credit card balance transfer, you transfer your credit card balances onto a single credit card, ideally with a low interest rate.

Low balance transfer interest rates are typically promotional rates that expire after a minimum of six months. If you choose to transfer balances, make sure you know when the low rate will expire and the regular interest rate that will go into effect for the remaining balance. If you want to use a credit card balance transfer as a debt consolidation loan, you'll need a credit card with a large enough credit limit to hold all your credit card debt.

There could be a downside to consolidating debt with a balance transfer - a hit to your credit score. Putting too much debt on one credit card could have a negative impact on your credit score as your credit utilization goes up. The good news is that your credit score will rebound as you pay down the balance.

Personal Loan

Personal loans can be used as debt consolidation loans if you can borrow a loan large enough to cover all your balances. A personal loan is an unsecured loan that has fixed payments over a fixed period of time. Once you're approved for a personal loan, you can use it to consolidate your debts.

Depending on your credit rating, you could have trouble getting approved for a personal loan. If you have bad credit you may be approved but at a higher interest rate, or you may not be approved at all. Taking a high interest rate personal would let you combine your balances, but you may not save money in the long run.

Debt Consolidation Loans

Debt consolidation loans are offered by banks and credit unions for the sole purpose of combining your debts. Debt consolidation loans vary, so it's important that you choose wisely. Debt consolidation loans ideally have a lower interest rate than the rates you're currently paying.

Be aware that sometimes the lower monthly payment is achieved by increasing the repayment period. This could mean that you pay more interest overall because of the longer repayment timeline.

Choosing a Debt Consolidation Loan Type

Know that with any type of debt consolidation loan, you're not really getting rid of your debt. Instead, you're simply shuffling it around so that it becomes easier to pay. You'll feel like you have less debt and may be tempted to borrow more. Practice discipline and avoid borrowing until after your debt consolidation loan has been completely repaid. Even then, it's important that use good judgment in taking on additional debt.