The 10 Essential Health Benefits of the ACA

Does Your Health Plan Have Them?

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Obamacare's 10 essential health benefits are services that all health insurance plans must provide to comply with the Affordable Care Act (ACA). 

10 Essential Health Benefits

The 10 categories are:

  1. Preventive and wellness visits, including chronic disease management. Preventive care visits have no copay. The ACA requires that all 50 procedures recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force be covered as preventive services. These include well-woman visits, domestic violence screening, and support for breastfeeding equipment and contraception.
  2. Maternity and newborn care. That must be provided without cost since it is preventive care. Most young people who don't have insurance will find this is a needed benefit if they become pregnant.
  3. Mental and behavioral health treatment. It includes treatment for alcohol, drug and other substance abuse and addiction. Insurance companies avoid paying for these diseases, which need a long-term commitment. They raise co-pays to as high as $40 a session and limit the number of therapist visits.
  4. Services and devices to help people with injuries, disabilities, or chronic conditions. Most plans cover services and equipment that help you recover from temporary injuries, like a broken leg. The ACA requires coverage for equipment needed to treat a chronic disease, like multiple sclerosis.
  5. Lab tests. Plans must pay 100% of the cost of tests if doctors use them to diagnose an illness. Otherwise, regular copays and deductibles apply.
  6. Pediatric care. Dental and vision care must be covered.
  7. Prescription drugs. Plans must cover at least one drug in every category in the U.S. Pharmacopeia. Your out-of-pocket drug expenses count toward your deductible. That wasn't true for all insurance plans before the ACA. They also usually offered this at a cost.
  8. Outpatient care. Most health insurance plans covered this already.
  9. Emergency room services. Most plans already included this. Some charge extra if you go to a hospital that's out of their network or go without pre-authorization. Obamacare plans don't charge extra.
  10. Hospitalization. Not all plans cover enough of this tremendous cost. Most people don't realize that a day in the hospital can cost between $2,000 and $20,000 a day. If you have a high-deductible plan or one with a low maximum, you may be surprised by how much you wind up paying out-of-pocket. 

Key Takeaways

  • The ACA requires all insurance plans to carry 10 essential benefits.
  • These benefits target preventive care as a way to greatly reduce medical costs.
  • Before the ACA, most plans did not have all of these benefits.

Your Plan Should Have These Benefits

This Obamacare mandate applies to all plans created after March 23, 2010. Before then, less than 2% of plans provided all 10 benefits. If you had your plan before 2010, it might be grandfathered in, and not have the required benefits. Many insurance companies have dropped these plans. They asked you to switch to plans that do provide this coverage on the exchanges.

Review these benefits and compare them to the benefits your plan currently provides for you.

You may find you can get a better plan for less money on the health insurance exchanges. The premiums may be higher, but the coverage may wind up costing you less.

Obamacare allows each state to create a "benchmark" plan that will be the model for all other plans in its jurisdiction. That's to make sure the plan is not too expensive for small businesses to offer. The plans must cover the state's benchmark services without imposing a lifetime maximum, or annual limit, on costs.

Impact of the 10 Essential Benefits on the U.S. Economy

By setting this standard of benefits, the Affordable Care Act keeps insurers from cutting benefits to reduce costs. Won't they raise premiums instead? No, because millions of currently uninsured Americans will start paying premiums.

Health care costs will rise faster as Trump weakens Obamacare.

Obamacare's preventive care benefits reduce the growth rate of the nation's health care costs. Doctors can find and treat illnesses before they require expensive emergency room visits. Millions of families can avoid bankruptcy by getting treated early, or by having the insurance to cover these expenses. 

Thanks to the Bankruptcy Prevention Act, people lost their entire life savings and homes to meet medical bills. After losing everything, they went bankrupt. Health care costs rose to compensate for these unpaid bills. As more people have insurance, it should lower health care costs and bankruptcies.

More young and healthy people will get insurance, thanks to maternity, newborn and pediatric care. That will reduce health insurance costs overall.

Obamacare's expanded behavioral health benefits help drug addicts, alcoholics, and the mentally ill. The expansion of Medicaid makes sure low-income sufferers have coverage. That reduces expensive emergency room visits.

Article Sources

  1. HealthCare.gov. “Preventive Health Services,” Accessed April 6, 2020.

  2. U.S. Phamacopeia. "About Us," Accessed April 6, 2020.

  3. Cigna. “Essential Health Benefits,” Accessed April 6, 2020.

  4. HealthAffairs. "National Health Care Spending in 2016: Spending and Enrollment Growth Slow After Initial Coverage Expansions," Accessed April 6, 2020.