The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers of 2013
According to the International Nickel Study Group (INSG), global refined nickel production exceeded 1.9 million metric tonnes in 2013. The world's ten largest nickel producers of that year accounted for over 60 percent of this total.
The statistics below are compiled from company annual and operation reports available from producer websites (based on individual corporate fiscal year 2013 production numbers).
Production numbers for each company indicated total refined nickel production, can be found beside the company's name and are indicated in kilotonnes (kt).
Note: 1kt equals 1,000 metric tonnes.
MMC Norilsk Nickel - 285kt
Vale SA - 260kt
Vale is the second biggest mining company in the world and the largest private company in Latin America. Headquartered in Brazil and operating in 38 countries, Vale now employs over 126,000 people, including employees and contractors. Vale SA is a global leader in iron ore production and the second biggest nickel producer.
BHP Billiton Ltd. - 154kt
BHP Billiton is one of the world's largest mining and resource companies with roughly 100,000 employees in over 25 countries. Key nickel assets include the Cerro Matoso mine in northwest Colombia, as well as the Nickel West and Worsley operations in Australia.
Jinchuan Group Ltd. - 127MT
Xstrata Plc - 98.4MT
Xstrata Plc (Xstrata) is a major international producer of base and platinum group metals. With gross revenues of over US$ 30.5 billion (2010) and over 70,000 staff, Xstrata is one of the world's largest metals companies.
Sherritt International Corp. - 58kt
Canadian-based Sherritt is a world leader in the mining and refining of nickel from lateritic ores with projects and operations in Canada, Cuba, Indonesia, and Madagascar. Sherritt is invested in a 50/50 partnership (The Moa Joint Venture) with General Nickel Company S.A in Cuba and is the project operator of the Ambatovy nickel project joint venture with Sumitomo and Korea Resources in Madagascar.
Eramet SA - 56kt
Eramet is a French mining and metallurgical group that employs around 14,000 staff and has operations in 20 countries on five continents. Eramet has three divisions focused on its main products; Nickel, manganese, and alloys. Nickel mining and refining are conducted in New Caledonia, Indonesia, and France.
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co. - 50kt
Sumitomo Metal Mining Co. (SMM) is a subsidiary of the Sumitomo Group, one of Japan's largest keiretsu, or business enterprises. SMM is a major smelter and refiner of copper, nickel, and gold in Japan, and is invested in nickel mines and smelters in the Philippines, Indonesia, and New Caledonia. The company's major nickel assets include the Niihama Nickel Refinery (nickel) in Ehime Prefecture, Japan and a 27.5 percent share ownership in the Ambatovy Project in Madagascar.
Anglo American Plc - 34kt
Anglo American is a major producer of platinum, diamonds, coal, copper, iron ore and nickel. The London-based company's nickel operations are located in Brazil and Venezuela. In 2010, Anglo American's gross revenues from nickel sales were approximately US$ 426 million.
Minara Resources Ltd. - 30kt
Wholly-owned by Glencore International, Minara Resources is one of Australia's top nickel producers. Australia-based Minara operates the Murrin Murrin nickel-cobalt mining and refining project, which employs over 1,000 employees and contractors.