A Guide to Starting a Successful 501(c)(3) Charitable Nonprofit

From Business Plan to Fundraising

The number of charitable nonprofits has proliferated in recent years. As of 2013, there were nearly a million such organizations in the US.

We're talking about "public" charities, the kind most of us support with our donations.  They are called 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofits.

There are ​ 27 classifications of "nonprofits" within the IRS tax code. You probably do business with many of them without even realizing they are nonprofit. For instance, your daycare center might be nonprofit as well as your local credit union.

We're most familiar with public charities like the American Red Cross or your favorite museum. They make up about two-thirds of nonprofits overall. The number of public charities has grown rapidly, much faster than other types of nonprofits. 

So you can see that there is fierce competition among charities. All charities must raise funds from the public and while charitable giving rises and falls from year to year; it remains remarkably steady at about two percent of GDP

Just as there is a high rate of failure among business startups, charities can go under just as quickly. That's why founders of new charities must think long and hard about why, where, and when it makes sense to start a new organization.

Unfortunately, not everyone who starts a charity has thought out his or her idea. Don't make the mistake of just jumping into the nonprofit arena. Think carefully before starting your charitable nonprofit and follow these steps.

Statistics cited are from The Urban Institute's The Nonprofit Sector in Brief 2015 and GivingUSA 2015

1
Do Your Research

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Having a passion for your cause is important, but remember that a nonprofit is essentially a business, and you need to be realistic in starting one.

Is there a need for your organization? Or could you team up with another, existing nonprofit? Another nonprofit can even serve as your fiscal sponsor instead of or until you can become registered. Are you sure that a nonprofit is the best business structure for your idea?

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2
Develop a Business Plan

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A nonprofit is simply another version of a business. You need to have at least as much money coming in as going out even to survive, much less succeed in your mission. Many nonprofit start-ups launch on a wing and a prayer rather than a well-thought-out plan.

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3
Make Sure That Your Organization Will Actually Qualify as a Nonprofit

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You might have a great idea but are you sure it will qualify as a charitable cause? There are many types of nonprofits. Which one is yours? It may not be what you think.

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4
Be Sure to Take Care of All the Legal Requirements

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Nonprofits are heavily regulated, both by the states in which they reside and by the federal government.

Regulation is needed to protect donors from fraud and ensure that nonprofits continue to serve the public good. Just because you are "nonprofit" doesn't mean that you can't get into some serious trouble.

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5
Keep Good Records and Manage Your Risk

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Good record keeping is a must, and nonprofits have some reporting requirements that are special to them. Start with good records and you are less likely to run into problems later. Manage risk with safe procedures and good insurance.

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6
Develop a Fundraising Plan

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Fundraising is a sophisticated, complex, and competitive endeavor. But it is unavoidable for a nonprofit. Don't make the mistake of thinking that all you need is a bake sale or a fancy dinner to raise the money you'll need to properly fund your organization.

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7
Build an Effective Board

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It cannot be overstated how important your board is to your nonprofit's success. It is legally responsible for keeping you on track with your mission, helps you to secure the funds you need to accomplish that mission, and provides much of the expertise that you will need. Find the right people, get them on board, and keep them interested.

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8
FAQ's About Starting a Nonprofit

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Check out the many questions we have received about starting a nonprofit. Perhaps many of your questions have been answered.

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