Should You Own Your Home "Free and Clear"?
Almost 30 Percent of Americans Are Mortgage-Free
It wasn’t long ago when one of the best benefits of owning your own home were those home equity lines of credit you could get.
In practice, this translated to a whole lot of fun for a whole lot of folks: new furniture and electronics, a pool, maybe even a new car or exotic vacation. And then POP!
Since the housing market crashed, we’ve heard about how many folks are underwater on their homes. But now, statistical and anecdotal evidence alike suggest that more and more Americans are pursuing an entirely different approach to home ownership: aspiring to own their homes “free and clear.”
The Pros and Cons of Owning Your Home "Free and Clear"
Just like every other financial decision, this one is highly personal and situational. But generally speaking, if owning your home free and clear sounds like a financial strategy that might fit in with your big picture plans, you’ll first want to weigh some basic pros and cons.
Topping the list for most folks in the “Pro” category is peace of mind. Plain and simple, you don't have to worry about a mortgage payment, and you know you’ll always have a roof over your head if, for example, you lose your job.
For a lot of folks, knowing they’re not paying their hard earned money to the bank in the form of interest is also a plus. But freeing yourself from a big mortgage payment also gives you more financial flexibility to do other things. You can take other chances, for example, like quitting your job.
Included among the cons are tax breaks like the mortgage interest deduction you’ll be missing (the higher your tax bracket, the more tax breaks like this can matter). And with interest rates at historical lows, no one can argue that if you’ve got the self-discipline, time, and know-how, investing that money rather than paying off a low-interest home loan can make sense. But let’s be honest, very few folks have that sort of discipline, time and know-how.
Last, if you have to invest every last penny you have to own free and clear, you might be better off investing in several other places to diversify. You should also keep some cash handy for an emergency. Your bank’s not going to give you that money back if you’re in a bind!
The bottom line is that more and more folks decide the pros outweigh the cons. A 2012 study shows that almost 30 percent of Americans own their home free and clear. That’s 21 million households! But is it the right decision for you today? Millennials seem to think so — a 2017 survey says that owning a home is still a very big part of their American dream.
Will I Be Able to Pay Off My Home?
Several factors have been found to predict who will or will not choose to own free and clear.
First and foremost is home values. There’s a direct correlation between how affordable homes are in a certain area, and people's ability to get their mortgages paid off free and clear.
For example, one of the highest rates for owning free and clear in the entire country — almost 50 percent — is in McAllen or Hidalgo, Texas, where the average home value is in the range of $75,000. Contrast that to Washington DC, for example, where the average home value is closer to $400,000, and only around 8 percent of homeowners can pay off their mortgages.
A second big factor we’re seeing is borrower age. Folks in that 65 to 85 age bracket top the list for being mortgage-free. Almost 40 percent of homeowners in this group own free and clear.
Reasons behind this include the fact that the longer you live somewhere, the more time you have to pay off the mortgage. Older folks historically have more money saved for down payments and to pay off their home loan.
Owning free and clear is also a priority for these folks as they near retirement, but we are seeing younger folks starting to own free and clear as well.
Credit Score Can be an Indicator
Last is credit score. Almost 45 percent of all folks who own free and clear have a credit score in the 800 to 900 range. This particular factor can be likened to the question, “which comes first, the chicken or the egg?”
Folks with the self-discipline to have a stellar credit score probably have the self-discipline to get their mortgage paid off. And folks who manage to get their mortgage paid off generally wind up with a higher credit score. The point is, it’s good to be one of them!
How to Pay Off Your Home
If your goal is owning free and clear, any extra amount of money you have lying around can be used to pay down your mortgage counts. Also, if you can afford to make just a single extra payment each year, you can cut the time it will take to pay off your mortgage significantly. Check out an online mortgage calculator to see how quickly the dollars can melt away.
Another way to accomplish the same thing, if your bank allows, is to pay half your mortgage every other week. Additionally, if you haven’t already refinanced to take advantage of low rates, what are you waiting for?
And if you’re serious about owning free and clear, then get serious about a 15-year mortgage instead of a 30-year mortgage. You'll benefit from paying less money toward interest, too.
Finally, check your household spending for other cost cuts that can be used to get that mortgage paid down! For example, can you have your real estate taxes reduced, or save money on homeowner's insurance or utilities? Those savings can be used to pay down your mortgage.
Other credit score questions.
Shari Olefson is the author of the book FINANCIAL FRESH START: Your Five-Step Plan for ADAPTING and PROSPERING in the New Economy.