Should I Save for Retirement While I'm in College?

Know your priorities

Piggy bank on a stack of books with other school supplies and a chalkboard
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It is true that the sooner you begin saving for retirement, the better off you will be. However, it does not make sense to put aside money for retirement when you are still working to earn your degree. This is especially true if you are going into debt each semester to pay for your tuition or room and board. You will end up paying more in interest than you will earn, especially while you are in school. Retirement should become your first priority once you do have a job. 

Invest in Your Earning Potential 

It is important to realize that your education is one of the biggest investments that you are making in your future. It will increase your earning power and allow you to save more toward retirement after you graduate.

While you are in school, your first priority should be your studies and the experiences that will prepare you to be competitive in the job market. It may mean taking a low- or no-pay internship instead of putting money toward retirement. It may mean focusing on your connections and networking instead of on your retirement. If you are planning on going to graduate school, then earning top grades will benefit you more in the long run. 

Focus on Staying out of Debt

While you are in college, the long-term goal is landing a good job so that you will have the extra money to put away each month. You should also make it your primary focus to stay out of debt. The less debt that you have when you graduate, the sooner you will be able to pay it off and begin focusing on retirement.

Some college students will take their loan money or grant money and invest it in mutual funds because the rate of return is generally higher. But it's never a good idea to use borrowed money to play the stock market—you may set yourself up for a financial disaster later on.

Learn More About Finances

If you are still in college, you may want to take a course on investing or money management while you are there. This is a great time to get acquainted with how the market works and how to choose a good investment. It will also give you the opportunity to watch the stocks and mutual funds without risking your own money right away. When it is time to invest, you will be comfortable and confident in the decisions that you are making.

You will not need to play catch-up on your retirement savings as long as you begin investing as soon as you land your first job out of school. That is a great time to start investing—when you are suddenly making a lot more money than you are used to making. If you have to wait to contribute to your 401(k), then you can open a Roth IRA and start there.

Extra Money? Consider Funding Retirement

If you are working while you are in school and you can pay cash for your tuition and still have some left over, you may consider putting aside money for your retirement. Before you do this, though, make sure you have an emergency fund of three to six months of expenses set aside, and no credit card debt. Once you do this, you can begin investing in a Roth IRA or your 401(k). Be sure that you have enough available to cover unexpected school expenses or that you are saving money to cover the time you will be doing your internship, when you may not be earning as much.

Look at the Big Picture

While you are in school, focus on getting good grades and making connections so you can land a good job once you graduate. Then you can start planning for the future with things such as homeownership and retirement, as well as other priorities such as starting a family.

Remember that things will work out in good order. School first, then your job, and the rest of your life. While you should focus on being frugal while in school, it is okay to put off saving for retirement until you graduate. After all, the best retirement plan is a good degree that will earn you a high-paying job.