Sex Discrimination vs Gender Discrimination - Are they the same?

Question: Sex Discrimination vs Gender Discrimination - Are they the same?

Should you refer to discrimination against women as sex discrimination or gender discrimination? Is there such a thing as sexual discrimination?

Answer: The terms "sex discrimination" and "gender discrimination" mean the same thing when speaking in terms of federal civil rights law and anti-discrimination law.

Sexual Discrimination Is Not The Same Thing

Less commonly used is the term "sexual discrimination." This is not correct when simply referring discrimination based on a persons' gender.

The word "sexual" is used, however, when referring to "sexual harassment" because it describes the type offense (it is sexual in nature.)

Sexual Orientation Discrimination

"Sexual" is used when referring to discrimination against someone for being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered. In this case you would use the term "sexual orientation discrimination." There are no federal laws protecting people from this type of discrimination, but some states have adopted protective laws for gay and lesbian people.

Gender Discrimination Is Against The Law

It is a violation of federal civil rights to deny someone a job, promotion, equal pay or opportunity based on their gender.

It does not matter if you are male or female, sex discrimination is against the law as is sexual orientation discrimination -- and sexual harassment.

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