How to Open a Savings Account for a Baby
Sure, you can always create a savings account with the funds earmarked for baby—but opening the account in your newborn's name provides not only a savings vehicle but a great gift and financial literacy tool as your child grows. The process is straightforward enough but requires some preparation.
Setting Up the Account
Children under the age of 18 are not legally allowed to sign documents. As a result, you must open the account in both of your names. When the child turns of age (18, or 13 if you convert it to a checking account), you can go to the bank and remove your name permanently. While your child is still a minor, however, you will be the one who will have control of the account. You will have the ability to make withdrawals or deposits and close it if necessary.
Most banks will not have a problem with including the child's name if a parent will also be listed on the account. However, the institution will want some confirmation of legal responsibility for the child. You should plan on showing your baby's birth certificate, and you will also need to show your own driver’s license or some other official proof of identity. In addition, you will need both of your Social Security numbers to open the account.
Savings accounts often carry fees, but ways to get around them exist. Start by talking to the bank you currently use. They may let you link this new account to your other accounts, allowing you to avoid fees or minimum-balance requirements.
Otherwise, seek out a financial institution with low or no fees. Some banks waive charges provided a certain number of deposits are made to the account each month.
Another option is to choose an account that offers no service charges if there is a minimum balance and to make that sum your initial deposit. You might reap some tax benefits by officially gifting the sum to your baby, which involves setting up the account as a Uniform Gift to Minors Act (UGMA) or Uniform Transfer to Minors Act (UTMA) account. Bear in mind that funds deposited in these custodial accounts are irrevocable gifts and can be withdrawn only under certain more restrictive circumstances.
Online banking is great for adults, but you will eventually want to take your child to visit the bank where the money is. Choosing a bank that is close to home will allow your growing child to make regular deposits and start to appreciate the value of saving.
The interest on many savings accounts is low. The best rates are often available from local credit unions, which also often offer the additional advantage of no fees. Talk to your local bank about options that might provide you with more favorable interest rates or tax advantages. You can also move the funds into a more attractive certificate of deposit or investment account as the amount grows, allowing your child to earn more interest on the savings.