Types of Questions for Real Estate Pros to Ask Home Buyers

Couple signing documents with real estate agent
Good real estate agents ask buyers plenty of questions. © Big Stock Photo

Open questions for home buyers is the way to go for a real estate agent. For example, how many times have you shown a buyer a series of houses you thought matched her needs, then ended up writing an offer for something entirely different? How about buyers who lose interest because you just can't locate the right property? Both scenarios happen to many agents, but when either is a common occurrence, it's time to figure out why.

Don't Fall Into a Rut By Asking the Same Old Questions

Real estate agents all seem to ask the standard questions:

How many bedrooms and baths do you need?

What's the minimum square footage you require?

Is a garage or basement necessary?

Are you ready to buy a home now?

Do you have a preapproval letter?

Many questions can be answered with a "yes" or "no," and the responses easily fed to our MLS databases. Unfortunately, they don't provide much information about a client's desires.

When we ask open-ended questions, we gain better insight into what the client is really looking for. What is an open-ended question? It's one where the person you are talking with is encouraged to give a more detailed response, where a person needs to explain in detail to answer.

  • Instead of asking what type or size kitchen a buyer is looking for, ask how they use their kitchen area. Do they entertain a lot, and if they do, is it with large groups that would benefit from open spaces or small dinner parties that would be more comfortable in a formal dining room?​
  • Someone who loves to cook would probably be impressed with a chef's kitchen, but the client who would rather bring home Chinese take-out might prefer to see extra dollars invested on amenities in other parts of the house.

More Home Buyer Answers = More Questions for the Agent

You'll find that each answer to an open-ended question leads to the opportunity for more questions and answers.

Before long, you'll have a better overall picture of what the buyer's true needs are, and that gives you the edge when identifying properties. Even though you might not hit the perfect property the first time, showing buyers things they like right from the start is a great way to keep them from drifting to other agents.

After receiving an answer from a buyer, it's a good idea to parrot the answer and make sure you understand. You can do this by saying, "I understand you want a large dining room because you need a big space to entertain." Receive confirmation that you're on the right track.

You might also ask: "How would you feel if you didn't have a formal dining room but instead found a home with a large family room?" Try putting trade-offs into the framework of the buyer's qualifying factors to see if the answers change.

You also might want to probe the question further and find out exactly how important an indoor dining space might be, for example, as compared to an outdoor dining space. When do the entertainment events tend to take place? If it's in the winter, and you live in Minnesota, an outdoor dining space will probably be pretty much impossible, but if you live in Florida, it's a whole '​nother story.

Buyer's Agents Have to Know the Market

When buyers describe their dream home, you have to know where to find it. Set aside time every week to view new listings. Attend open houses, especially those held specifically for agents like broker tours. Those showings give you the opportunity to get to know your fellow agents. Your peers are one of the best sources of information available to you, and working with them always brings rewards.

Edited by Elizabeth Weintraub, Home Buying Expert

At the time of writing, Elizabeth Weintraub, CalBRE #00697006, is a Broker-Associate at Lyon Real Estate in Sacramento, Calif