7 Ways to Reduce CO2 Emissions Pollution in Industry
Steps Industry Can Take to Reduce Impact on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has reported to the United Nations that the Earth's climate system is undoubtedly getting warmer and concluded that it is more than 90 percent likely that the accelerated warming of the past 50-60 years is due to human contributions.
As the levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gasses increase, more heat is “trapped” in the earth's atmosphere and global temperatures rise.
This causes significant changes in the timing and length of the seasons as well as the amount and frequency of precipitation. Climate change can have effects on rising sea levels, flooding, droughts or a range of other ecosystem changes that affect life on earth.
How to Reduce CO2 Emissions in Industry
The Industry sector produces goods and raw materials for everyday use, every single day. The greenhouse gasses that industrial production emits are split into two categories:
- Direct emissions. Greenhouse emissions that are produced at the facility itself.
- Indirect emissions, which are associated with the facility's use of energy, but happens off site.
Even relaxing comfort standards by turning down the heat while at night and keeping temperatures moderate at all times. Setting the thermostat just 2 degrees lower in winter and higher in summer could save about 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide emissions each year.
The Top 7 Ways That the Industry Sector Can Reduce CO2 Emissions Include:
- Measuring Carbon Footprint
By assessing how much pollution an organization's actions generate, you can begin to see how changing a few policies here, and there can significantly reduce the overall carbon footprint.
A carbon footprint can be measured by undertaking a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions assessment. Once the size of a carbon footprint is known, a strategy can be devised to reduce it, e.g., by technological developments, better process and product management, changed Green Public or Private Procurement (GPP), carbon capture, consumption strategies, and others.
- Putting a Cap on It: Carbon Capping
The United States Carbon Cap-and-Trade Plan is a policy that would essentially put a price on carbon dioxide emissions by auctioning off permits to emit the gas.
Each large-scale emitter, or company, will have a limit on the amount of greenhouse gas that it can emit. The firm must have an “emissions permit” for every ton of carbon dioxide it releases into the atmosphere. These permits set an enforceable limit, or cap, on the amount of greenhouse gas pollution that the company is allowed to emit.
Over time, the limits become stricter, allowing less and less pollution, until the ultimate reduction goal is met. It is similar to the cap and trade program enacted by the Clean Air Act of 1990, which reduced the sulfur emissions that cause acid rain, and it met the goals at a much lower cost than industry or government predicted.
- Reducing Energy Use (Buildings Are the Biggest Energy Users)
The building industry now has more energy efficiency certifications than ever. The standards help set measurable and achievable goals for energy use reductions, and some of the most common certifications include:
- LEED for New Construction or Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance
- Energy Star Target Finder
- Net Zero Energy Building Certification
- High-Performance Building Program by ICLEI
The industry sector can ensure new buildings are made to be energy efficient by earning any of these ratings. Each of the rating systems assists building owners in reducing the amount of energy used from 12% all the way to 100% reduction in typical building energy use.
- Rewarding Green Commutes
Encouraging employees to switch to public transportation, carpooling, biking, telecommuting and other innovative ways to save energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions on the way to and from work can add up and have tremendous effects. Employers can offer commuter benefits that address limited or expensive parking, reduce traffic congestion, improve employee recruiting and retention and minimize the environmental impacts associated with drive-alone commuting.
- Standing Up Against Coal, Tar Sands and Fossil Fuels
Coal is the only fossil fuel (aside from unconventional fossil fuels, such as oil shale, tar sands, and methane hydrates) plentiful enough to contribute the amount of CO2 necessary to trigger irreversible climate change. Businesses that make a conscious effort to switch from coal to more sustainable energy sources, such as wind or solar power, can help to reduce CO2 emissions greatly.
- Investing in Renewables
If undertaking new energy-efficient building initiatives is out of the question, or an organization simply can’t afford to put solar panels on buildings, there are alternatives. The mitigation of carbon footprints through the development of alternative projects, such as solar or wind energy or reforestation, represents one way of reducing a carbon footprint and is often known as Carbon Offsetting.
- Learning to Adapt to Climate Change
Climate change is already being felt in towns and cities across the country. Hundreds of municipalities have centered their climate change efforts on mitigation work and have successfully reduced their greenhouse gas emissions and lessened their climate impacts. However, with the increasing effects of climate change becoming apparent, municipalities are beginning to assess their vulnerability to the changes that are already underway, and to develop responses that protect their citizens and their economies.