Preventive Services Covered By Medicare

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Understanding what coverages are included in your Medicare plan can help you better understand your options and help you take advantage of preventive care health services that help lead a healthier life. Whether you have Original Medicare or Advantage Medicare, Part B of Medicare is the portion that covers preventive care.  Understanding the preventive services covered by Medicare is an important way to manage your health as well as avoid health problems and save money on your health insurance costs by avoiding larger medical problems down the line.

What Is Preventive Care?

Preventive care or preventive services involve health and medical services whose purpose is to prevent certain health conditions or diseases and help people live healthier lives through planning, early detection, management, and medical guidance.

Preventive services may include things like:

  • shots
  • health screenings
  • lab exams
  • doctors visits
  • x-ray services or other preventive health services.

Health plans usually include some sort of preventive care in their policy because the prevention of disease and medical conditions is an important part of maintaining health. Preventive services provide the opportunity to identify potential health risks before they become critical. Like many health plans, there are several preventive care services covered by Medicare. Medicare preventive care services vary depending on the type of Medicare plan you have. Preventive services are covered under Medicare Part B or a Medicare Advantage Plan. 

Original Medicare vs. Medicare Advantage Preventive Service Coverage

When you qualify for Medicare, you have the option to get it either through private insurance or the government. "Original" Medicare is the Medicare you get through the government. People also have the option to purchase Medicare through private insurance, this is known as Medicare Advantage and the preventive care options may be different. Both Medicare Original and Medicare Advantage Plans cover Part A and Part B. 

For example, Medicare through the government includes Medicare Part A and Part B. Medicare Part B is the portion of Medicare that relates to the preventive services. There is a monthly premium for Part B in most cases. With Original Medicare, you have your choice of doctors and hospitals that accept Medicare. 

Medicare Advantage Plans are also known as Medicare Part C. This all-in-one coverage includes Parts A and B, but often requires you to use a provider inside the private health plan providers network. Therefore you may see additional costs if you go outside your provider network, or if your specific plan has additional conditions, co-pays, deductibles or other conditions within their preventive care services guidelines. It is important to speak to your Medicare Advantage Plan insurance company to ask how their coverage varies from the basic preventive care provided by Original Medicare. You may have additional costs.

How-to Check If Something Is Covered by Medicare Preventive Services

Below is a list of the preventive care services covered by Original Medicare. If you are unsure if you will have fees or charges related to the preventive care coverages listed, you can also use this tool to check how Medicare covers different preventive care services. 

Wellness Visits Covered by Medicare Preventive Services:

During your first 12 months of being covered under Medicare Part B, you are eligible to a “Welcome to Medicare” preventive care visit. During this visit, you will have a review of your health as well as counseling on preventive services you may need. This first wellness visit provides you with an opportunity to find out about Medicare's preventive care services.

After your first 12 months on Medicare Plan B, you can have one "Annual Wellness Visit", this visit will help you keep up to date on your current health needs, and look at what screenings, shots, or preventive services you should have. 

Charges for Medicare Preventive Care Wellness Visits

Even though your wellness visit is covered by Medicare and you will not be charged for it, if there are additional tests ordered, or screenings that are not included by Medicare you may have charges to pay. You may also have to pay your Part B deductible or coinsurance in some circumstances.  

Screenings Covered by Medicare Preventive Services

Medicare covers a variety of different screenings to help you prevent disease and maintain your health, here is a list of some of the screenings normally covered:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm  
  • Alcohol misuse 
  • Cardiovascular disease  
  • Cervical & vaginal cancer  
  • Colorectal cancer  
  • Depression  
  • Diabetes  
  • Glaucoma tests
  • Hepatitis C  
  • HIV  
  • Lung cancer  
  • Mammograms  
  • Obesity  
  • Prostate cancer  
  • Sexually transmitted infections  

Shots Covered by Medicare Preventive Services

  • Flu Shots
  • Hepatitis B Shots
  • Pneumococcal Shots

Medicare Preventive Care and Counseling Coverage

Mental health care is an important part of staying healthy. Medicare may provide various types of counseling services under Part B if the professional accepts the Medicare assignment, including visits with certain types of professionals like: 

  • Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists
  • Clinical social workers
  • Clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants

Types of Counseling Covered by Medicare Preventive Services:

  • Tobacco use cessation counseling
  • Diabetes self-management training 
  • Nutrition therapy services
  • Alcohol counseling
  • Obesity counseling
  • Bone mass measurements (bone density)
  • Cardiovascular disease (behavioral therapy)
  • Sexually transmitted infections counseling

When Can You Be Charged for Medicare Preventive Care?

Although Original Medicare may cover a large list of preventive care services as listed above, you may be charged for services related to preventive care. This can be confusing because when you think something is covered you would probably assume everything related to it is covered too. Unfortunately, this is wrong. Be careful when planning preventive care visits "covered by Medicare" and find out if there will be any charges for related services like: 

  • the doctors visit prior to the preventive services visit
  • facility fees for the preventive services, tests or screenings
  • diagnostic care received during a preventive care visit

Medicare Advantage Plans are run through private insurance, so each insurance company will be different. It is important to find out what your plan covers specifically to avoid surprise costs.