Presidents' Salaries During and After Office
From Woodrow Wilson to Barack Obama
While in office, the U.S. president receives a salary of $400,000 a year and a $50,000 expense account. Congress sets the amount and raised it to the current level in 2001. This pays for the president's personal expenses, such as food and dry cleaning.
Title 3 of the U.S. Code also grants a $100,000 non-taxable travel account and $19,000 for entertainment. Other perks include free transportation in the presidential limousine, Marine One, and Air Force One.
The president receives free furnished housing in the White House. The First Family also receives $100,000 to redecorate the White House to feel more at home. The Obamas used $1.5 million of their own funds instead. The Trumps spent $1.75 million, though it's unclear if they paid for it. White House upkeep requires 100 permanent residents including maids, cooks, a plumber, and a florist. It costs $4 million a year. But the president must pay for the costs of any private parties.
The president receives free health care from the official physician who directs the White House Medical Unit.
Presidents and their spouses cannot receive free clothing. If they wear any piece as a gift, they must place it in the National Archives after being worn.
Which Presidents Did Not Take a Salary?
The Constitution requires a president to take a salary. The Founding Fathers wanted to protect even wealthy presidents from misfortune that could tempt them to take bribes.
Four presidents refused a salary. Instead, they donated all or part of it.
- Donald J. Trump donates his $400,000 annual salary to various federal departments. Trump's net worth is $3.1 billion, according to Forbes.
- John F. Kennedy donated his $100,000 salary to six charities. He retained the $50,000 entertainment allowance. Kennedy inherited a multimillion-dollar trust fund. He had also donated his salary while serving 14 years in Congress.
- Herbert Hoover divided his salary between various charities. He gave some of it to his staff. Hoover's net worth was around $4 million in 1913, worth $103 million today.
- George Washington donated his $25,000 salary. It would be worth $716,017 today. He used some of it for travel expenses. He needed a special chariot to take him through the rugged roads of the South. He had also foregone a salary while he was our nation's military commander.
Are First Spouses Paid?
The First Spouse receives no salary. The responsibilities are worth $173,500 in the job market. They include SVP of communications and strategic planning, head of program management, and VP of Global Affairs.
Some First Spouses gave up lucrative careers to enter the White House. Hillary Clinton had been a partner at Rose Law Firm in Arkansas. Michelle Obama earned $273,618 a year as an executive at the University of Chicago hospitals.
The Vice-President receives the same salary as the chief justice of the United States and the speaker of the House. It is dictated by the Ethics Reform Act of 1989. The Vice-President receives an annual cost-of-living adjustment.
The Vice-President's pension is calculated like that of other members of Congress. There is no Secret Service protection for ex-Vice Presidents.
Presidents' Salaries Through History
Congress has only given the president a raise six times. A president cannot get a raise while serving a current term. As a result, most raises are gifts from an outgoing president to future ones.
Here is the president's salary through history, and what it would be worth in today's dollars. Thanks to inflation, all previous presidents received more in buying power than the nation's top executive does today.
- 1789: The president's salary was $25,000. It would be worth $716,017 in 2018, according to Official Data.com.
- 1873: President Ulysses S. Grant gave himself a raise for his second term. The $50,000 salary would be worth $1.1 million today.
- 1909: William Taft received a $75,000 salary. It would be worth $2.1 million today.
- 1949: Harry Truman received a $100,000 salary. It would be worth $1.1 million today, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- 1969: Richard Nixon's $200,000 salary would be worth $1.4 million today.
- 2001 - Present: George W. Bush received $400,000. That amount paid in 2001 is worth $575,758 today.
At the same time that presidential income has decreased, the cost to run for office has skyrocketed. The 2016 campaign cost Hillary Clinton $1.4 billion. President Trump spent $958 million. In 2012, experts estimated Barack Obama spent $1 billion. In 2008, Obama spent $750 million. Mitt Romney spent $50 million just to win the Republican nomination.
The money comes from the candidates' personal funds, campaign donors, party coffers, and super PACS. All of these donors expect some influence on policy. As a result, the salary may no longer be enough to protect presidents from outside influence.
Do Presidents Get Paid for Life?
The Former Presidents Act of 1958 ensures that U.S. presidents get paid for life. Congress passed the act to provide for President Harry Truman. After he left office, he had many financial problems. The Act provides former presidents with a pension. They also receive funds for travel, office space, support staff, and mailing costs. The pay should equal that of a head of a federal government executive department. In 2016, these Executive Level I employees received $203,700.
Ex-presidents also receive seven months of transition services. It covers the costs of winding down the outgoing administration and briefing the incoming administration. For example, the FY 2017 budget requested $9.5 million. It also budgeted $7.5 million for data migration services for presidential records.
In 2016, ex-presidents' pay increased to $205,700 a year. They receive funds for office space and office staff. Each staff person's salary is capped at $150,000 a year for the first 30 months and $96,000 a year afterward.
Widows or widowers of former presidents receive $20,000 a year.
Do Presidents Get Secret Service for Life?
Former presidents and their spouses receive Secret Service protection for life. In 1994, Congress reduced it to 10 years for presidents who entered office after 1997. But Congress reinstated lifetime protection in 2012. Children of former presidents receive Secret Service protection until they are 16 years old. The cost of Secret Service protection is not made public.
The Former Presidents Act provides $1 million a year for security and travel expenses if they didn't receive Secret Service protection. Former first spouses receive $500,000 a year for security and travel purposes if they didn't receive Secret Service protection.
Salaries of Former Presidents
The salaries of former presidents are set by the Former Presidents Act. The other costs vary according to each president's needs. The General Services Administration manages the costs. The figures stated below are from FY 2016.
Jimmy Carter served from 1977-1981. While in office, he earned $200,000 a year with a $50,000 expense account.
As an ex-president, Carter received $437,000 That includes $207,000 in pension benefits, $112,000 for office space, and $111,000 for other costs. He receives nothing for personnel compensation or travel.
Carter received the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize for the 1978 Camp David Accord. He established full diplomatic relations with China and negotiated the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviets.
Carter imposed sanctions on Iran in response to the November 4, 1979 hostage crisis. Iranian students took 66 Americans hostage at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. He also struggled to end the stagflation created by Richard Nixon.
Carter added 9.3 million jobs while president, the fourth-largest increase. He added $299 billion to the debt, increasing it by 43 percent. Carter created the Department of Education, deregulated oil prices as well as the trucking and airline industries.
Bill Clinton served from 1993-2000. He earned $200,000 a year with $50,000 in expense.
As ex-president Clinton received $969,000 in FY 2016. That includes $215,000 in personnel compensation and benefits, and $218,000 in pensions and benefits. He has no travel budget, but receives $429,000 for office space and $62,000 for other costs.
Clinton added 22 million new jobs, more than any other president. Home ownership was 67.7 percent, also a record. The poverty rate dropped to 11.8 percent.
Clinton created a $63 billion budget surplus during his term. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 raised taxes on the wealthy. He also cut spending by reforming welfare.
George W. Bush served from 2001-2009. He was the first president to earn $400,000 a year.
As ex-president, Bush receives $1,098,000 per year. That includes $198,000 for staff, and $214,000 in pension and related benefits. He receives $10,000 for travel, $434,000 for office space, and $242,000 for other costs.
Bush fought the 2001 recession with the Bush tax cuts. They added $1.35 trillion over a 10-year period to the debt. He responded to the 9/11 attacks with the War on Terror. He started the War in Afghanistan, created the Homeland Security Act, and launched the Iraq War in 2003. To pay for two wars, military spending rose from $600 billion to $800 billion a year.
Bush promoted the Medicare Part D prescription drug program. It added $550 billion to the debt. Bush responded to Hurricane Katrina with $33 billion to help with clean up. Bush signed the 2005 Bankruptcy Prevention Act, but it aggravated the subprime mortgage crisis.
Bush added $5.8 trillion to the national debt, the second-greatest amount of any president. He created 5.8 million jobs, a 4.2 percent increase.
As an ex-president, Obama was allocated $359,000 a year. That includes $205,700 for his pension. The rest is distributed for his office, staff salaries, and other expenses.
Obama entered office during the Great Recession. He fought it with the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. He bailed out the U.S. auto industry. The Obama tax cuts added $858 billion to the debt in two years.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act improved banking regulation. The Affordable Care Act. expanded health insurance and Medicaid. Obama received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in international diplomacy.
Obama's administration finalized a nuclear agreement with Iran and the International Climate Agreement. He enacted the Clean Power Plan in 2015. His team negotiated the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, but they weren't finalized.
Obama increased the national debt by $7.9 trillion, the most dollar-wise. Federal income was down, thanks to lower tax receipts. He created 16 million jobs from the depths of the recession in December 2009 to the end of his term.
Trump's policies follow economic nationalism. He renegotiated NAFTA. He started a trade war by imposing tariffs on imports. He withdrew the United States from the Iran nuclear deal and the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Trump's immigration policies focus on blocking illegal immigration. A crucial part of Trump's plan is to build a wall along the 2,000-mile U.S. border with Mexico. He also announced the U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement.
Trump signed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act to cut income and corporate taxes. It also repeals the Affordable Care Act's tax penalties for those who don't get insurance. As a result, Trump has weakened Obamacare even without repealing and replacing it.
Trump promised to reduce the debt but instead will add $5.3 trillion to it. He added 4.7 million jobs in his first two years in office, a 3.1 percent increase.