Househunting is stressful under the best of circumstances, especially in a seller's market when inventory is low and multiple buyers are competing for the same properties. Multiple offers can happen in any market, though.
Learn how to submit an offer with the potential to win when there are multiple offers on a house.
- In a seller's market, a competitive offer could include a large earnest money deposit, a pre-approval letter from a lender, extra time for the sellers to move out, or waived contingencies.
- In a buyer's market, consider selling your current home before buying a new one, and offer to pay one or more of the fees that the seller is usually responsible for.
- Be wary of bidding wars: If you're tempted to increase your price, ask yourself whether you just want to win or whether you really want the house that much.
Multiple Offers in Seller's Markets
Sometimes homebuyers wonder whether it's even worth trying to compete against other buyers in a seller's market. It's not unusual for a seller to receive 20 offers when there's very little inventory on the market.
If the home is a good fit, it's a good idea to write an offer anyway. After all, somebody will make the winning offer. Why can't that person be you? You'll need to keep a few things in mind to write a competitive offer, though.
Submit a Large Earnest Money Deposit
Pending home sales sometimes fall through, and many sellers worry that once they commit to an offer, the winning buyers might back out of the transaction or default on the contract. By then, all of the other buyers will have disappeared.
Remember that the earnest money deposit is part of your down payment. You'll show the seller that you're serious about closing if you increase it above normal. You're only offering the seller the money now rather than later, and it speaks volumes.
If you're not sure how much to put down as an earnest money deposit, ask your real estate agent. They will know the norms for the area and can make a recommendation.
Show the Seller That You're Qualified
Almost every offer will be accompanied by a lender letter. Ask your lender for a loan pre-approval letter to make you stand out from the rest. This is different from a pre-qualification letter. Being pre-approved makes you a stronger buyer in the seller's eyes.
Give the Sellers Time to Move
Buyer possession is often a sticking point. Offer to cut them some slack by giving them two to three days to move out after closing, without expecting compensation.
Shorten or Waive Some Contingencies
You have 10 days for inspections for lead-based paint under federal law unless you waive that right in writing. You always want to get a home inspection, but consider tightening that time period. You might also want to waive the loan-approval contingency if your loan is solid. Talk to your agent about comparable sales to decide whether you want to waive an appraisal contingency.
Offer to Bridge the Gap Between Appraisal and Sales Price
If you think the home might appraise at a lower price than you're offering, offer to pay the difference in cash. That would relieve a lot of stress on the seller.
Write Your Best Offer
Don't hope for negotiation in a seller's market. Offer your highest price, and make it one you can live with if your offer should be rejected. If you're asked to submit a best and final offer, make your offer attractive, and consider going a little above list price.
Ask your agent for a comparative market analysis to determine the pricing range. Sometimes sellers deliberately set a price below comparable sales to generate multiple offers. Paying a little extra doesn't necessarily mean you're paying over market value.
Multiple Offers in Buyer's Markets
The winning offer in a multiple offer situation in a buyer's market is often less than list price, and you may not be dealing with multiple offers at all. You might be competing against one buyer instead of 20. That can change your approach significantly.
Sell Your Existing Home First
Don't buy before selling if you're already a homeowner. If you're a first-time homebuyer, you already have an advantage over a buyer who needs to sell first. The seller will gravitate toward the offer without a contingency.
Don't ask the seller to give you personal items, and don't expect them to pay your closing costs. Find out which costs are customarily paid for by the seller, and offer to pay one or more of them yourself, such as title policies, escrow fees, and transfer fees.
Ask your agent to pursue a friendly relationship with the seller's agent, too. Sometimes sellers reject offers based on what the seller's agent has to say about your agent.
Find Out What's Important to the Seller
Ask your agent to sniff out the hot buttons in the transaction. These could be seller requests or listing agent expectations. Ask what will seal the deal, then give it. Maybe it's a fast closing. Maybe it's a longer-than-usual escrow period.
Share the Love
Most sellers have an emotional attachment to their home. They want it to fall into the hands of an acceptable buyer. So, be that acceptable buyer. Write the seller a brief letter explaining why you love their home so much.
Prepare for a Counteroffer
You can write the best offer in the world, but a competent listing agent is likely to advise the seller to counter all multiple offers, even in a buyer's market.
Sellers don't have to make identical counteroffers in some states. Each can be different. The seller also retains the right to choose or reject accepted multiple counteroffers.
Avoid a Bidding War in Any Market
Yes, you really want the home, and so do numerous others. If you're tempted to increase your price, ask yourself this: Do you just want to win, or do you really want the house that much? Competitive personalities can fall into this trap, and you don't want to overpay dramatically for the property.
Come in with the best possible offer you can reasonably afford.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What do you want to include in a home offer letter?
Your offer letter needs to convince the sellers to accept your offer over the competitors, so it needs to be convincing and heartfelt. Include your emotional reaction to the house, specific features that made it stand out more than others on the market, and any other special connection to the property. It can help to be personal, as well, so you may want to include details about you and your family.
How do you submit a new bid on a house?
In most cases, the buyer and seller will not directly interact. Instead, real estate agents will negotiate on their behalf. To submit a new bid, ask your agent to contact the selling party.