More Than a Mortgage: The Cost of Owning a Home
Your mortgage is only one cost of owning a home—here are the rest
Your mortgage payment is only one portion of the overall cost of owning a home. Beyond that large expense, there are still many additional ones you’ll need to budget for, if you’re planning to buy a house.
Want to make sure you’re financially prepared to be a homeowner? Here are the costs you’ll need to know about.
When you first buy your home, you’ll face several one-time costs. You also may need to cover several “prepaid” charges, likely placed in an escrow account, to pay for interest, insurance premiums, property taxes, and more that accrue from the date you close on your mortgage until your first monthly mortgage payment.
Here are some other costs you’ll face at the outset of your homebuying journey:
- Moving costs: This will include the costs of moving supplies, renting a truck, booking movers, etc. Moving-industry analysis site Move.org estimates the average cost of a local, full-service move with no additional services is between $550 and $2,000.
- Closing costs: These usually clock in between 2% to 5% of the purchase price.
- Down payment: Down payments vary by mortgage type. FHA loans require at least 3.5% down, while conventional ones require 3% at minimum.
- Fees and taxes: These include local real estate taxes and fees charged by the city, county, state, or federal government. Transfer fees (which some states charge when a piece of real estate transfers hands) are a good example.
- Points: If you opt to pay mortgage, or discount, points to lower your interest rate, you will also pay these upfront.
- Lender charges: Mortgage companies charge various application, underwriting, and origination fees you’ll need to pay. These vary by lender.
All these costs, minus the moving costs, should be broken out on your official loan estimate given by your lender. If you have any questions, be sure to ask your loan officer to clarify before sitting down at the closing table.
Your upfront costs can vary greatly depending on the mortgage lender you choose and how much you shop around. Be sure to compare options from several lenders to ensure you’re getting the best deal.
Your Mortgage Payment
Once you’re in the home, you’ll start making monthly mortgage payments to your lender. These will include payments toward your principal balance, the interest you’re charged for borrowing the money and, in most cases, your property taxes and homeowner’s insurance premiums as well. (If you don’t have an escrow account, you’ll pay these costs directly to the county and insurance carrier, respectively, rather than through your mortgage payment.)
Depending on what type of mortgage loan you have, you also may pay for mortgage insurance as part of your monthly costs. Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans almost always require mortgage insurance, but Veterans Administration (VA) and some conventional loans do not.
Other Costs to Expect
You’ll also have recurring costs like utilities (water, electricity, natural gas, etc.), sewage, and trash service. And, if you live in an area with a homeowners association (HOA), you’ll likely have HOA dues regularly, too.
As a homeowner, you will also need to foot the bill for regular maintenance tasks. This will usually include things like:
- Landscaping and yard work
- Watering the lawn
- Cleaning the home, as well as clearing out dryer vents and gutters
- Maintaining the HVAC system and changing out air filters
- Pest treatments and prevention
- Replacing batteries in smoke and carbon monoxide detectors
All in all, annual maintenance costs clock in around $1,100 for the average homeowner, according to Home Advisor. Our experts generally recommend setting aside at least 1% of your home’s value each year to account for these costs.
Unexpected Costs and Repairs
Despite investing in proper home maintenance, repairs and emergency expenses will most definitely crop up. You might need to replace appliances, repair major systems, fix damage after a storm or natural disaster, or spruce up parts of your home to keep it functioning and current.
Make sure you study up on the average lifespan of your home’s features and systems, and be ready to replace them when necessary. An air-conditioning unit, for example, will usually last 10 to 15 years, while things like dishwashers and sinks may need replacing sooner.
The Bottom Line
The mortgage payment is only a fraction of the costs you’ll face as a new homeowner. Make sure you familiarize yourself with all possible related expenses, and budget carefully before taking that big leap.