Medical & Emergency Careers

Dental Corps Officer--63

Basic Job Description

The Dental Corps is a special branch of the Army composed of commissioned officers who are graduates of dental school accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General. To practice dentistry, a dental officer must possess a DDS or DMD degree and a valid, current license from one of the fifty United States, a U.S. Territory, or the District of Columbia.

The unrestricted practice of dentistry requires individual credentialing. The mission of the Dental Corps in peace is to ensure that each soldier is in optimal oral health and prepared to deploy without becoming a non-combat dental casualty. A secondary mission is to provide dental health care to family members and other eligible beneficiaries of the military community per Public Law. In war, the mission of the Dental Corps is to conserve the fighting strength of soldiers by the restoration and preservation of oral health and function, and assisting in the emergency medical management of combat and noncombat casualties. In both peace and war, the Dental Corps has the mission to support casualty identifica­tion through dental forensic identification operations. The principal functions performed by military dentists are: clinical and laboratory dentistry, command and staff, teaching, and research.

Teaching is identified as a separate function although it is an all pervasive element of the profession of dentistry and is implied in each of the functional areas.

Training

As a U.S. Army Medical Department officer, you will not be required to participate in the Basic Combat Training that enlisted Soldiers attend.

Instead, you'll attend an Officer Basic Leadership Course, a basic orientation to the Army health care team, Army doctrine and basic Soldier and leadership skills.

OBLC for active duty officers is held four times per year at the U.S. Army Medical Department Center and School at Fort Sam Houston and lasts from 10 to 14 weeks. Officers in the Army Reserve attend OBLC for two weeks and Health Professions Scholarship Program recipients attend a six-week course during their academic training.

Your training time depends on your chosen specialty and whether or not you have prior military experience. You must also meet height and weight standards, as well as pass the Army Physical Fitness Test.

After completing OBLC, AMEDD officers report to their initial active duty assignment and students return to their academic training.

ACTIVE BENEFITS:

In addition to the many privileges that come with being an officer on the U.S. Army health care team, you'll be rewarded with:

  • A Health Professions Bonus
  • Health Professions Loan Repayment
  • Variable Specialty Pay
  • Board-Certified Pay Dental Additional Special Pay
  • Dental Officer Multiyear Retention Bonus, based on specialty and length of contract
  • 30 days of paid vacation earned annually
  • Noncontributory retirement benefits with 20 years of qualifying service
  • No-cost or low-cost medical and dental care for you and your family

RESERVE BENEFITS:

  • Special Pay
  • Health Professionals Loan Repayment Noncontributory retirement benefits at age 60 with 20 years of qualifying service
  • Low-cost life and dental insurance
  • Travel opportunities, including humanitarian missions

Both active and Reserve duty officers enjoy commissary and post exchange shopping privileges; a flexible, portable retirement savings and investment plan similar to a 401(k); paid continuing education; and specialized training to become a leader in their field.

Education Benefits

ACTIVE:
Army Dental Corps officers enter a ready-made practice without having to worry about insurance forms, malpractice insurance or the overhead of supporting an office and a staff. The U.S. Army also provides generous education loan-repayment programs, residency programs and continuing education opportunities to support your continued career growth and development.

RESERVE:
One of the many advantages of becoming a member of the U.S. Army Reserve health care team is that you'll be able to focus on patient care instead of dental school loans. By continuing to practice in your own community and serving when needed, you may qualify for HPLR to repay your medical school loans.

Future Civilian Careers:

Army dental professionals excel in clinical, research and executive administration arenas. Many have worked in more than one career track throughout their time in the U.S. Army and have held leadership positions ahead of their private sector counterparts. In fact, U.S. Army dental professionals are highly desired candidates for competitive private sector jobs upon leaving the Army.

Branch qualifications. AR 135-101 list qualifications for entry into this branch.

General Dentist (63A)

Description of duties. Examine, diagnose, and treat diseases, injuries and defects of teeth, jaws, oral cavity, and supporting structures.

Special qualifications. Must be able to perform the duties described above, and be a graduate of a dental school acceptable to The Surgeon General, Department of the Army.

Special grading of positions. None.

Unique duty positions.

(a) General Dental Officer.

(b) Unit Dental Surgeon.

(c) Clinic Chief.

Comprehensive Dentist (63B)

Description of duties. Provides comprehensive oral health care to include the teaching of diagnostic/management skills, and develops and executes treatment plans involving multiple dental specialties.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Education in General Dentistry Program (Comprehensive Dentistry) of at least 2 consecutive years duration which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Comprehensive Dental Officer.

(b) Chief, General Dentistry Team.

(c) Commander, Medical Detachment (Dental Service).

(d) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Training Officer; Advanced Education in General Dentistry.

(e) Instructor, Academy of Health Sciences.

(f) Comprehensive Dentistry Consultant, OTSG.

(g) Unit Dental Surgeon.

(h) Clinic Chief.

Periodontist (63D)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, and treats or prescribes treatment for the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and performs implantation or transplantation of teeth or their replacement analogues.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Periodontics which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Periodontist.

(b) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Senior Resident Training Officer, Junior Resident Training Officer; Advanced Specialty Education Program in Periodontics.

(c) Periodontics Consultant, OTSG.

(d) Clinic Chief.

Endodontist (63E)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, and treats or prescribes treatment of diseases of the dental pulp, traumatic injuries to the pulp and periradicular tissues, and the sequelae of these diseases and injuries.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Endodontics which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Endodontist.

(b) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Senior Resi­dent Training Officer, Junior Resident Training Officer; Advanced Specialty Education Program in Endodontics.

(c) Endodontics Consultant, OTSG.

(d) Clinic Chief.

Prosthodontist (63F)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, and treats or pre-cribes treatment for personnel who require management of complex occlusal problems or who require replacement of missing teeth and associated structures through the fabrication and placement of fixed, removable, or semi-fixed maxillofacial prostheses.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Prosthodontics which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Prosthodontist (63F)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, and treats or pre-cribes treatment for personnel who require management of complex occlusal problems or who require replacement of missing teeth and associated structures through the fabrication and placement of fixed, removable, or semi-fixed maxillofacial prostheses.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Prosthodontics which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Prosthodontist.

(b) Maxillofacial Prosthodontist.

(c) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Training Officer: Advanced Specialty Education Program in Prosthodontics.

(d) Commander, Area Dental Laboratories.

(e) Instructor, Academy of Health Sciences.

(f) Prosthodontics Consultant, OTSG.

(g) Chief, Dental Laboratory Branch.

(h) Clinic Chief.

Public Health Dentist (63H)

Description of duties. Conducts research, studies and analyses of epidemiologic and dental health services issues. Makes recommendations on policies and programs of the dental health delivery system.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Dental Public Health which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to the Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Dental Public Health Staff Officer.

(b) Dental Public Health Research Officer.

(c) Major Medical Command, Dental Public Health Officer.

(d) Dental Public Health Consultant, OTSG.

Pediatric Dentist (63K)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, and treats or prescribes treatment for diseases, abnormalities, injuries, and defects of teeth and supporting structures for children from birth through adolescence, and special patients of any age who demonstrate mental, physical, and/or emotional handicaps.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Pediatric Dentistry which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Pediatric Dentist.

(b) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Senior Resident Training Officer, Junior Resident Training Officer; Advanced Specialty Education Program in Pediatric Dentistry.

(c) Pediatric Dental Consultant, OTSG.

(d) Clinic Chief.

Orthodontist (63M)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, treats, or prescribes treatment of the growing and mature dentofacial structures to include movement of teeth; treats malformations of the craniofacial complex; and, in conjunction with oral and maxillofacial surgery, attains and maintains physiological health of the patient.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advance Special Education Program in Orthodontics which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. For positions coded MAJ and above.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Orthodontist.

(b) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Senior Resident Training Officer, Junior Resident Training Officer; Advanced Specialty Education Program in Orthodontics.

(c) Orthodontic Consultant, OTSG.

(d) Clinic Chief.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon (63N)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, and treats or pre-scribes treatment for conditions involving diseases, defect, or injury to the oral and maxillofacial region including oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures and adjunctive care.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General. Must possess a valid DDS, DMD, or a combination DDS/MD, DMD, MD degree.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon.

(b) Program Director, Assistant Program Director, Training Officer; Advanced Specialty Education Program in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

(c) Chief, Surgery Branch, Dental Research Unit.

(d) Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Consultant, OTSG.

(e) Chief, Department of Dentistry.

(f) Clinic Chief.

Oral Pathologist (63P)

Description of duties. Examines, diagnoses, treats, and studies diseases of dental and oral tissues. Provides forensic dental identification/support.

Special qualifications.

(a) Completion of an Advanced Specialty Education Program in Oral Pathology which is accredited by the American Dental Association and acceptable to The Surgeon General.

(b) Be able to perform duties of AOC 63A.

Special grading of positions. None

Unique duty positions.

(a) Oral Pathologist.

(b) Program Director, Assistant Program Director; Advanced Specialty Education Program in Oral Pathology.

(c) Chief, Pathology Branch, Dental Research Unit.

(d) Chairman, Department of Oral Pathology, AFIP.

(e) Oral Pathology Consultant, OTSG.

(f) Forensic Dentistry Consultant, OTSG.

Executive Dentist (63R)

Description of duties. The AOC 63R is a duty position only and is considered specialty immaterial. A dental officer assigned to this duty AOC functions in a variety of command or staff positions through the Army Dental Card System as stated in paragraph about unique duty positions below.

Special qualifications.

(a) Must have been awarded a primary AOC as described in paragraph (c) through (m) above. Must maintain clinical proficiency in their AOC.

(b) Should be a graduate of AMEDD Officer Advanced Course and the Command and General Staff College.

(c) Demonstrated success in previous leadership positions of increasing responsibility.

Special grading of positions. Executive Dentist positions are coded LTC or COL.

Unique duty positions.

(a) Dental Activity Commander/Director of Dental Services.

(b) Dental Unit Commander.

(c) Commander, Branch Chief; Dental Research Unit.

(d) Dental Staff Officer, DoD, OTSG, MACOM, Academy of Health Sciences.

(e) Dental Surgeon, Army, Corps, MACOM, Joint Command, STARC.

 

Above information derived from Army Pamplet Manual 611-21

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