Marine Corps Parachute Rigger (MOS 0451)

MOS 0451 -- Airborne and Air Delivery Specialist

QALANDERABAD, AFGHANISTAN - MARCH 22: A U.S. Air Force C-17 drops parachutes of military supplies which blew off course, landing on an opium poppy field on March 22, 2009 next to a U.S. Marine base in remote Qalanderabad in southwest Afghanistan. The opium crop was slightly damaged when the airdrop of supplies blew off target, parachuting on to some of the crops and crushing them. The Marines assured the irate Afghan farmer that he would be paid for his damaged poppy in compensation for the accident. The Taliban often extorts a percentage of the profits from the farmers' harvest to fund attacks on American forces, according to the military. U.S. Marines, however, have no mandate to destroy poppy crops and, in fact, rely on local farmers for information on Taliban activities.
John Moore / Getty Images

Marine Corps Parachute Riggers (MOS 0451)– also known as Airborne and Air Delivery Specialists – receive a wide variety of skilled training in order to perform airborne (parachute drop) operations of personnel, equipment / gear, as well as equipment recovery operations using various slings and equipment securing gear.

Type of MOS : PMOS

Rank Range: MGySgt to Pvt

Job Description: Airborne and air delivery specialists are responsible for the maintenance of all life safety equipment relating to Airborne/Airdrop operations.

In addition, they will assist in preparing the supplies and equipment necessary to deliver personnel and equipment via parachute and conduct subsequent equipment recovery and throughput operations.

They are responsible for performing parachute repack as well as conducting preventive and corrective maintenance on all airdrop equipment, and will assist in evaluating proposed Landing Zone/Drop Zones in order to support the planning and execution of effective personnel, supplies, and equipment clearance during airborne, airdrop and equipment recovery operations. They will also perform various supervisory duties in support of airborne and airdrop missions to include, but not limited to, mission planning, Jumpmaster (military freefall and static line), Drop Zone Safety and Malfunctions Officers.

Job Requirements:

(1) Must be a U.S. citizen.

(2) Must be a volunteer.

(3) Must be eligible for a secret security clearance.

(4) Must possess a GT score of 100 or higher.

(5) Must pass the U.S. Army Physical Fitness Test and have current CWS2 swim qualification.

NOTE: This is a different test than the Marine Corps PFT.  The USMC PFT requires Marines to do pullups, crunches, and a 3 mile run.  The Army PFT requires the Marines while in Army schools to pass the following exercises:  Pushups 2 minutes and Sit-ups 2 minutes, and a 2 mile run.

 Marines usually do not have an issue with PT tests, but if you are not used to doing timed pushups, you need to practice the two minute test on pushups.  Also crunches and sit-ups are different.  Crunches are basically half sit-ups with the hands crossed over the chest and elbows touching the thighs, while the sit-up is a full sit-up with hands locked behind the head touching the elbows to the knees.  The shorter run is only an issue for Marines who tend to pace their three-mile run at a slower pace and could run the two mile faster with some practice.  But there have been Marines to fail the course at the beginning by failing pushups.  Do not assume you can do two minutes worth of pushups without practicing pushups for two minute sets.

About the CWS2 Swimming Qualification: 

You need to know how to swim well.How well? 

Here is the test for all Marines seeking the MOS 0451 must pass:

You will have to walk in shallow water then across deep water (over your head) for 40m with full gear and weapon.

You will have to jump into the water simulating an abandon ship technique into deep water with full gear and weapon, travel 10m, remove pack and swim 15m dragging pack and weapon.

You will repeat this again from a higher distance from the water (10-15ft) wearing boots and utilities only and travel 25m using any swimmer stroke.

Then with full combat gear (no pack), swim 50m in deep water with weapon slung – muzzle down.

Then perform a buddy rescue swim using the collar tow for 25m with a passive victim, while towing two packs and two weapons / secured to packs.  Pack smart as you can use the packs for flotation devices for victim.

(6) Complete Basic Airborne Course (BAC), U.S. Army Infantry School, Ft.Benning, GA, upon entry or lateral move at the rank of corporal or below.  The Basic Airborne Course is a three week long school where you will first be tested in Pushups, Situps, Pullups, and a 2 mile run.  You will receive basic instruction in static line jumping from various fixed wing airplanes.

(7) Complete Parachute Riggers Course, located at the U.S. Army Quartermaster School, Ft Lee, VA, upon entry or lateral move at the rank of corporal or below.

 You will take the Army PFT here while in school.

(8) Except for temporary limitations imposed by medical authority, when a Marine is no longer authorized to perform all duties required of an Airborne and F Delivery Specialist, commanders will forward a request for revocation of 0451 Primary MOS to HQMC I and L Dept (LPC-1) for approval.

Duties: For a complete listing of duties and tasks, refer to MCO 1510.61Individual Training Standards.

Related Department of Labor Occupation Codes :

No civilian equivalent.

Related Marine Corps Jobs:

None.

Above information derived from MCBUL 1200.17e, parts 2 and 3