The List of U.S. Employment Laws Everyone Should Know

What the Law Says About Wages, Work Safety, Child Labor and More

Casual discussion between coworkers
Morsa Images/DigitalVision/Getty Images

The Department of Labor oversees and enforces more than 180 federal laws governing workplace activities for about 10 million employers and 125 million workers.The following is a list of employment laws that regulate hiring, wages, hours and salary, discrimination, harassment, employee benefits, paid time off, job applicant and employee testing, privacy, and other workplace and employee rights issues.

4 Significant Employment and Labor Laws to Know

The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) regulates health and safety conditions in private sector industries to ensure that employers' environments do not pose any serious hazards.

The Fair Labor Standards Act determines wage and overtime pay of one-and-one-half-times the regular rate of pay.

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) oversees employer's pension plans and the necessary fiduciary, disclosure, and reporting requirements.

The Family Medical and Family Leave Act requires employers with more than 50 employees to give workers up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave for the birth or adoption of a child or for the serious illness of the employee or a spouse, child, or parent.

List of U.S. Employment Laws and Resources

The United States has hundreds of federal employment and labor laws that affect everyday employers and employees.

Here is a list of resources for some of the most important U.S. labor laws.

Laws Regarding Payments

Hiring and Firing


Labor Laws


eLaw Advisors

Need more information about specific labor laws? The elaws Advisors are interactive etools providing by U.S. department of Labor the that provide information about a number of federal employment laws.

Related: Employee Rights FAQs