Keeping Your Car in Bankruptcy
A car is necessary for most people - don't lose it when you file for bankruptcy
One of the foremost thoughts in the minds of many people that intend to file for bankruptcy is whether they can keep their cars. For the vast majority of individuals, owning a car is an absolute necessity. How else would you get to work and the grocery store?
It goes without saying then that most people that file for bankruptcy want to keep their cars. Upon filing a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, there are three main ways to keep your vehicle.
Your first option is to enter into a reaffirmation agreement with your car lender. If your own your car free and clear, this option does not apply to you. A reaffirmation agreement means that you contract to take on the debt related to your car loan, despite the bankruptcy discharge. This means that if you defaulted on the car loan after entering into the reaffirmation agreement, the lender could repossess the car and sue you for a deficiency judgment.
Contact your car lender if you wish to pursue a reaffirmation agreement. A reaffirmation agreement must be approved by the bankruptcy court. Many bankruptcy courts take the position that a reaffirmation should not be approved if the lender does not reduce the interest rate or the principal balance of the loan.
Motion to Redeem
You also have the option of purchasing your car outright from your lender at the retail value of the car at the time your bankruptcy is filed.
This may be a good option if the value of your car is much lower than the amount of your loan. To qualify for redemption, the car must be used for personal, family or household use. You must also pay for the car in one lump sum payment.
You must file a motion to redeem with the bankruptcy court, according to its rules of procedure, including serving the motion on your car lender.
You must provide evidence to the court of the current retail value of the car. If the court agrees, it will grant your motion and order the car lender to accept a lump sum payment. Upon payment, the lender will transfer title, free and clear, to you. Filing a motion can be complicated and I recommend that you consult a bankruptcy attorney if you are considering this option.
Pay and Drive
Pay and drive is an option that does not legally exist anymore, at least technically. This option was eliminated with amendments to the Bankruptcy Code in 2005, however, it remains viable for many individuals. If you do not redeem your car or enter into a reaffirmation agreement, you can continue to make your monthly payments to your car lender. However, because of the bankruptcy discharge, you are no longer obligated to do so. As a result, and after you receive your discharge, the lender can, at any time, repossess your car, even if you are making payments. Very few lenders will do this as they would prefer a constant stream of payments, versus the risk of a low price for an auctioned repossessed vehicle. Just make sure to keep your payments current!
Owned Free and Clear
If you own your vehicle free and clear of any liens, then you must be sure to protect your car from the bankruptcy trustee.
This requires claiming exemptions on the Schedule C to cover the value of the car. Any value of the car that you do not claim as exempt, the trustee can seek by selling your car, and paying you your share. Although you would get a payment from the trustee, you would lose your vehicle.