To know if the housing market in any given year is improving, you've got to compare activity not only month-over-month but also year-over-year. Real estate markets move in cycles. Sometimes the market is up and sometimes the market dips. The mortgage meltdown of 2007 taught us in a big way that real estate prices do not continually rise. The housing market crash of 2007 shattered dreams and threw the housing market into a panic.
During late-1981, interest rates rose to a high of 18.45%, and many first-time homebuyers were priced out of the market. In the mid-80s, the tax reform act of 1986 had a seriously negative effect on the real estate market. We'll never forget the fall of the housing market that began at the end of summer in 2005.
Based on my experiences, here are my top 10 ways to know if the housing market is improving:
The Job Market Recovers
When you hear your neighbor's car pulling out of the garage in the wee hours of the morning after months of no activity, you'll know that your neighbor got a job. When the unemployment rate drops and people return to work, the housing market is recovering.
For Sale Signs in the Neighborhood Vanish
Too many for sale signs in your neighborhood means there are too many homes for sale and generally not enough buyers to buy them. Excess inventory pushes down sales prices.
Median Sales Prices Stop Falling
It doesn't matter whether you track home sales by per-square-foot price, average, or median prices; when the market is depressed, they all fall. Compare median sales prices this year to median prices last year. Steady increases mean the market is improving.
Starter Homes Sell Faster
When demand is on the rise, homes sell quickly, and the days on market are reduced. A starter home that is attractively priced in good condition and a desirable location should typically sell within 30 to 60 days.
Closed Businesses Reopen
Little shows more faith in a budding economy than when entrepreneurs strike out and open a new neighborhood business. When you spot the boards coming off of a closed up shop, and a new sign goes on the building, it means recovery is underway.
Distressed Sales Disappear
When you no longer have to ask if the home for sale is a foreclosure or a short sale, the market is turning around. When traditional sellers feel the market is stable enough, they will put their homes on the market because those sellers will have equity.
Real Estate Companies Hire Agents
In down real estate markets, real estate agents tend to leave the business in droves, and real estate companies downsize. When business is improving, real estate companies expand and hire more agents because their phones are ringing with Floor calls from buyers.
Interest Rates are Attractive
When financing is scarce, the cost of lending that money goes up. When plenty of money is available to lend, interest rates fall. Lower interest rates equal a higher purchasing power for buyers and stimulate the housing market.
More Buyers are in the Market
The National Association of REALTORS' Housing Affordability Index tracks the percentage of buyers who can afford to buy a home. The higher the percentage, the lower the income that is required to qualify for a mortgage.
Sellers Buy Move-Up Homes
During troubled times, typically, the only sellers who sell a home are those who must due to circumstances beyond their control, such as a job transfer, divorce, or they can't afford to make their mortgage payment. Many of those sellers do not buy another home. The move-up market becomes stagnant. In a more balanced market, it's not only a good time to sell but also a good time to buy a home.
At the time of writing, Elizabeth Weintraub, DRE # 00697006, is a Broker-Associate at Lyon Real Estate in Sacramento, California.