Storing Passwords in the Cloud
Data that is stored on a computer is saved in a nice, controlled place. Data that is stored in a cloud, however, is spread out throughout the world. So, the real question is this: where is a safer place to store data? A local computer or on a server somewhere in the world?
The truth of the matter is that all data that is cloud-based, just like local computer-based, has the same vulnerabilities, such as power outages, natural disasters, and criminal hacking. These systems can be weak, they can fall under phishing scams or even be attacked by viruses, which can put all data at risk.
Keep in mind that almost all cloud service providers do not give details about how they protect this data, as it will leave them vulnerable to hackers. However, the providers do make promises to their customers that their information is safe thanks to strict policies, top-notch encryption, and data centers that offer the best data protection in the industry.
These days, it seems that almost every website requires some type of password. About twice a week, I get an email from someone who is asking me to join another website or network that requires another username/password combination. You have the choice, of course, to use the same combination for every site, but this could be trouble.
Fortunately, there are ways that you can manage your passwords and usernames, and it only takes a small investment into a password management services. These services work on both clouds and physical computers, and the best thing about these services is that there is just one password to remember, the master password, that gives you access to all of the other passwords you have for almost any website.
What to Look for in a Password Management Service
- A password generator tool that helps to make strong passwords that cannot be cracked. Remember, you won't have to remember these passwords, so they can be as complicated as you like.
- A password manager that works across different browsers and those that can sync with multiple computers.
- One that allows for smartphone application.
- A password manager that constantly is syncing within the cloud.
- One that has a high level of security. This, however, is a non-issue for most of these services as their encryption is nearly impossible to crack.
Here's the situation. The thing that will make you the most vulnerable is not these password management services, but your own computer, as it may already have existing malware on it. Additionally, odds are high that it will be targeted by malware in the future that could log keystrokes or take screenshots without your knowledge. Start running antivirus scans often, and make sure your chosen software is up to date.
You can also add another layer of protection by adding your computer's onscreen keyboard to the taskbar and log into the master password this way. Those keystrokes are actually inputted by the mouse and less likely to be tracked.
Some providers have two-factor authentication, which also helps to protect data in the cloud, and it makes it more difficult for cybercriminals to get into your accounts. Two-factor authentication means that you must have two different forms of identity in order to prove that you are who you say you are. For example, a password and a one time disposable PIN number.
Example of a Cloud-Based Password Managers
Here is an example of a cloud-based password manager: RoboForm - Starts at $9.95 for the first year. This program allows you to install it on as many computers and devices as you wish, and it seamlessly keeps passwords and data in sync. Additionally, it is secure and easy-to-use.
Reasons to Use Cloud-based Password Managers
- They are easy - you will never have to worry about remembering passwords again, and you can log into any site with only the click of the mouse.
- They are on all your devices - you can automatically sync your data, and access it at any time and from any place.
- They are safe and secure- in many ways, you will protect yourself from online fraud, phishing scams and malware.
- They are encrypted - all of your data is encrypted, and only you can unlock it.