How to Select and Use Job References

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When you are applying for jobs you'll need to have a list of references ready. You may have both professional and personal references that you can call upon, depending on their expertise, how they know you, and for what job you are applying. Those references should be able to vouch for your skills, abilities and qualifications as they relate to the jobs you apply for.

Types of Job References to Use

Professional References. Individuals who can provide a professional reference for a job include previous employers, managers, colleagues, clients, business contacts, and others who know your workplace skills and are willing to recommend you for the position.

Personal References. If you haven't worked before or if you have been out of the workforce, you can use character or personal references from people who know your skills and attributes as an alternative to professional references.

LinkedIn Recommendations. Keep in mind that you can also provide references on LinkedIn. If you have recommendations on your LinkedIn Profile, prospective employers will be able to see, at a glance, who is recommending you and what they have to say.

Here's advice on how to get LinkedIn recommendations, who to ask for references, and how to manage the recommendations you've received.

Who to Ask for a Reference

Who you ask to give you a reference will depend on your personal and professional circumstances. It's important to be sure that the people you choose to recommend you are willing to give you a good reference.

You might be surprised that this isn't always the case.

I've heard some things that would ensure that I didn't hire the candidate from some reference providers.

That's why it's important to check before you use someone for a reference - you want to be sure that there isn't anything negative in what they have to say about you. Giving the person the opportunity to bow out of providing a reference can save you from a potentially embarrassing situation.

How to Ask for a Reference

Not sure who you should ask to give you a reference or how to ask them to recommend you for employment? Here's how to ask for a reference, along with a sample reference request letter you can tailor to fit your personal circumstances.

Create a List of References

It's important to line up your references ahead of time. Before placing someone on your list, make sure they are willing and able to provide you with a glowing recommendation. Create a separate reference list and have it ready to give or send to employers upon request.

I'm seeing more job postings where employers ask for a reference list along with a resume and cover letter. In those cases, the company may check your references in advance, before contacting you for an interview.

What to Include on a Reference List

Your list of references should include at least three people, along with their job title, company, address, phone number, and email address.

There is no need to include references on your resume or to give references to an employer before they ask for them. However, you should be prepared to provide references to potential employers when requested.

Also, bring a copy of your reference list (along with extra copies of your resume) to give to companies when you interview.

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