How To Qualify for a Credit Card
Before you apply for a credit card, it helps to know how to qualify for a credit card. That way, you can estimate your chances of getting approved and save yourself a credit inquiry if it's more likely that you'll be denied.
Make Sure You're Old Enough for a Credit Card
The legal age to qualify for a credit card on your own is 18. However, you'll need to have a regular source of income before you can be approved for a credit card. Otherwise, it's likely you'll have to have someone apply for a joint credit card with you.
The income requirements don't require you to work full-time to get a credit card. You can put your annual earnings from your part-time campus job on your credit card application. If it’s high enough to repay a credit card balance, the credit card issuer will consider you.
Have Your Own Income
To qualify for a credit card, you need to have income of your own, or at least have "reasonable access" to any household income. Reasonable access can include deposits into a shared account or regular transfers from the wage earner's account to your account.
The new restriction means you can’t put your parents' income on the credit card application unless you’re applying for a joint credit card or your parent is giving you money or paying your bills every month.
Having a reliable source of income gives you the ability to pay for the credit card purchases you make. Not only do you need to have your own source of income, but your monthly income should also be high enough for the credit limit you’re asking for.
Have a Positive Credit History
Good credit history will help you get approved for a credit card. The better your credit score, the more likely it is you’ll be approved.
Some credit card issuers only approve applicants who have spotless credit reports. Others will approve your application as long as your late payments aren’t in the past two years.
Having a negative credit history with a specific credit card issuer could keep you from getting approved by that same issuer. For example, if you had a charge-off with a prior Capital One credit card, you might not get approved for a new card from Capital One for at least one year.
Don't Have a Lot of Debt
Credit card issuers will consider the amount of your other credit card balances and loans before they approve your application.
If your credit utilization is too high, you might be denied. How much debt is too much varies by the credit card issuer and by the type of credit card you apply for. Aim to keep your credit card debt below 30% of your credit limit.
A credit card issuer might compare your debt to your income to decide whether you can afford another credit card balance based on your other debt payments. A high debt-to-income ratio would indicate that you don’t have enough income to pay back another credit card balance.
Get a Co-Signer
If you can’t qualify for a credit card on your own—because you’re not old enough, you don’t have sufficient income, or you have bad credit—you can ask a friend or family member to co-sign your application. The co-signer has to meet the credit card’s qualifications for both of you to be approved.
When you ask someone to help you get a credit card, that person is taking a risk by co-signing for you. If you don’t pay the balance back, the co-signer will be responsible for the balance and will receive any credit damage from payments you've missed on the account.
Save up a Security Deposit
People with new credit or bad credit, who can’t get approved for a regular credit card, may have more luck with a secured credit card.
The secured credit card requires you to make a security deposit against your credit limit before you can be approved. After about a year of timely payments, you may qualify for an unsecured credit card, presuming no other negative information is added to your credit report.
Many secured credit card issuers will accept a security deposit as low as $200. If you don’t have that much, start setting aside $50 to $100 each month until you have a good security deposit saved up.