As an upcoming retiree, could you be too worried about inflation? Maybe so. Financial planners and online advice articles often say you’ll need an ever-increasing income to maintain your purchasing power. But studies of real retiree spending patterns tell a different story.
- Spending during retirement starts high, drops off, and gets high again in your 80s when you're spending more on healthcare. Inflation may affect the third phase of your retirement.
- Retirees with higher incomes can weather inflation better than those who are living on less money.
- To protect your future retirement income against inflation, make sure you get the most from Social Security, choose investments that hedge against inflation, and find ways to save at home.
Your Life Phase
Spending in retirement can be broken into three phases, the go-go years, the slow-go years, and the no-go years. During early retirement (the go-go years), spending is high. Retirees travel, shop, golf, fish, and actively enjoy their free time. Depending on health, this phase spans ages 55 to 75.
Then come the slow-go years, where due to health or age, you stay home more and shop and travel less. Spending in inflation-adjusted terms has been shown to decrease during this phase, which spans the 70 to 85 age range.
During the no-go years, spending on healthcare replaces what used to be spent on entertainment items. In inflation-adjusted terms, spending creeps back up during this time, usually in your 80s and beyond.
Your Income Level
Your income level also determines the effect that inflation has. Higher-income retirees ($75k annual incomes and greater) have room in their budget to absorb price increases on essentials; inflation doesn’t have a huge negative impact on this group. For lower-income retirees, increases in basics like food, energy, and medical care take a bigger bite out of their budget.
When projecting retirement success, assume that expenses will go up by 3% each year, in line with historical inflation rates. Then we begin working on a “spend-more now plan,” which may mean fewer income increases later. This type of planning can allow more spending in the go-go years. The goal is to find the balance between enjoying life now and holding enough financial reserves to account for later life, too.
Here are three things you can do to protect your future purchasing power.
1. Get the Most from your Social Security
Social Security has automatic cost-of-living adjustments built in. It is a unique life-long inflation-adjusted source of income, and smart planning can help you get more out of it. Almost one-third of retirees will rely on Social Security to provide 90% of their retirement income. More than half will rely on Social Security for more than 50% of their retirement income.
One of the most important things you can do to protect yourself against rising prices is to make sure you get the most out of your Social Security benefits (for both you and your spouse) by choosing to defer SSI income until you are 70.
2. Choose investments that rise with inflation
Some investments and insurance products are more likely to keep pace with inflation than others. The trade-off may be less income now, but more income later. Choices below are categorized into safe, medium, and aggressive levels of risk.
What about gold? Despite the common belief that holding gold is a good way to hedge against inflation, in the past gold has been a better crisis hedge than inflation hedge. That means during times of slow steady inflation, gold hasn’t kept up, but it soars during times of crisis.
3. Go green, and grow a garden
If you really expect inflation to kick in, the best thing you can do is buy everything you might possibly need now, and make yourself as self-sufficient as possible. Start with these ideas:
- Stock Up: If you are worried that prices will rise quickly, stock up on durable goods now.
- Go Green: Make your home as energy-efficient as possible, reducing your exposure to rising energy prices.
- Grow a Garden: Grow your own food, and if you can, get livestock, or at least a few chickens. You'll be insulated from inflated food prices, and if necessary, you'll have something to barter with.
- Walk, Bike, Ride: Live in a community where you can walk, bike, or take public transportation for your daily needs. This reduces your dependence on potentially rising insurance, gas, and maintenance costs.
Some insurance products can help you protect against inflation as well. Remember that as you age, your healthcare costs will probably rise. Add inflation to your healthcare costs, and prices become even higher. Long-term-care insurance can help to protect your wealth from the high (and getting higher) costs of care later in life.