The IRS typically announces the date when it will begin accepting tax returns during the first week of January of each year. You can pay the IRS in several ways when the time comes: in person at various payment centers, online, or by mailing a check or money order the good old-fashioned way.
Online With DirectPay
You can set up an electronic funds transfer from your checking or savings account through the DirectPay service on the IRS website if you have the money on hand to pay what you owe. You can also access DirectPay on the IRS2Go mobile app. It's the official IRS app, available through the Amazon App Store, the Apple App Store, or Google Play.
The IRS doesn't charge a processing fee for this option. You can schedule payments up to 30 days in advance, and you can also cancel or change them up to two business days before you've scheduled them.
The only downside is that you must re-enter your personal, identifying information each time you use DirectPay, which can be a bit of a nuisance. The system doesn't save it for you, and you can't set up an account there. But it gets the job done relatively quickly and efficiently.
DirectPay accommodates numerous types of payments related to Form 1040, such as balance due payments, estimated payments, and extension payments. It accepts some other less common payment types as well.
You can receive instant email confirmation of your payments for your records if you request it.
From Your Bank Account Using EFTPS.gov
You can schedule payments up to 365 days in advance for any tax due to the IRS when you . register with the Electronic Tax Federal Payment System (EFTPS). As with DirectPay, you can cancel or change payments up to two business days before the transmittal date.
EFTPS is a good choice if:
- You want to schedule all of your estimated tax payments at the same time
- Your payments are particularly large
- Payments are related to your business
The Treasury Department operates EFTPS, and it doesn't charge any processing fees. It can handle any type of federal tax payment, including:
- 1040 balance due payments
- Extension payments
- Corporate taxes
- Payroll taxes
You must enroll with EFTPS, but the site saves your account information. You don't have to keep re-entering it each time you want to make a payment. You'll receive an email with a confirmation number for each transaction. EFTPS saves your payment history for up to 16 months.
Online by Debit or Credit Card
You can pay the IRS by credit or debit card, but you must use one of the approved payment processors. Three processors are available, and you can access any of them on the IRS website or through the IRS2Go mobile app:
They all charge a processing fee, which can vary, but this fee might be tax deductible, depending on your tax situation. It's usually a flat fee for a debit card transaction or a small percentage of your payment if you're using a credit card.
Your credit card company might charge you interest as well.
You can't cancel payments using the credit card or debit card option.
By Check or Money Order
You can always make a check payable to the United States Treasury if you prefer sidestepping the internet and want to make a conventional payment. Be sure to write your Social Security number, the tax form number, and the tax year in the memo field of your paper check.
You can also send money orders to the IRS if you use the mail-in option.
Send the check along with Form 1040-V, which is a payment voucher, but don't staple or paperclip them together.
Mail it to the appropriate address shown on page 2 of Form 1040-V, or you can find the correct address for the nature of your payment and your state of residence on the IRS website.
These addresses vary, depending on your state of residence, and they can change periodically. Be sure to access them from the current tax year form or directly on the website.
You can pay at your local IRS office if you're concerned about hacking, fraud, or scams. Make an appointment online before going to the office, so you won't have to wait or go back another day.
One similar option is to visit an IRS "retail partner," one of more than 7,000 participating retail stores nationwide that will transmit your payment to the IRS for you. Check out PayNearMe or VanillaDirect for a map of participating stores, and follow the directions to make a payment in person.
Both options let you pay by cash, check, or money order, but don't choose this option if your payment is due tomorrow. It generally takes stores at least two business days, and sometimes up to five to seven days, to process payments.
With Electronic Funds Withdrawal
You can usually set up a direct debit from your checking account if you use tax preparation software to e-file your return, either on your own or through a tax professional. This option involves entering your bank account and routing numbers into the program, but it's only available to taxpayers who e-file.
With a Bank Wire Transfer
Banks can set up same-day wire transfers payable to the IRS, although they generally don't advertise it. Fees for this service can vary from negligible to significant, depending on the size of the payment.
Your request might be politely declined if you want to wire very small amounts, such as $5.
If You Need an Extension of Time to File
Some taxpayers might find that they can't make the tax filing date. You can typically take an extension by filing Form 4868 with the IRS (instead of a tax return) by the tax filing deadline, giving you until October 15 to submit your return. Any payments you owe are still due by the original tax due date, however, which is usually April 15. You should submit your tax payment along with your extension request.
You'll receive a refund if you remit too much, but you'll owe the IRS more if you later complete your return only to realize that you've underpaid for the year.
The IRS extended the tax filing date for personal income tax payments from April 15, 2021, to May 17, 2021 in response to the coronavirus pandemic. It then extended the six-month extension deadline from October 15, 2021, to January 3, 2022, for victims of Hurricane Ida in Louisiana, and in some New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania counties as well. Residents of all 82 Mississippi Counties and the Mississippi Choctaw Indian Reservation have until November 1, 2021, to file any returns or make any payments that were due after August 28, 2021. Affected residents of New Jersey and New York don't get an extension on any tax payments due on their 2020 returns, however. You can check to see whether your county is eligible at DisasterAssistance.gov.
You can ask the IRS to work with you and set up a payment plan if you have difficulty paying the full amount of tax you owe.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
How do you set up a payment plan with the IRS?
The Online Payment Agreement application is the first step in establishing a payment plan with the IRS. You can call 800-829-1040 if you don't want to apply online.
How do you know whether the IRS received your payment?
Payments should be recorded in your IRS online account.
How long does it take the IRS to process a payment?
You should wait at least 48 hours before checking to see whether a payment has been posted to your IRS online account.