How to Make a Grant Proposal to a Small Family Foundation

Family Foundation members discuss funding.
Smaller nonprofits might have better luck with their local family foundations than with big national ones. Thomas Barwick/Taxi/Getty Images

We are often dazzled by the "name-brand" foundations such as the Gates, Rockefeller, and Ford Foundations, whose assets run into the billions.

But 90 percent of foundations have endowments of less than $10 million, and these are mostly small family foundations.

A survey of family foundations served by Foundation Source provides insight into how to approach these small foundations for grants. Here are some of the recommendations.

Rethink the way your nonprofit finds foundations.

These smaller family foundations are not usually professionally staffed, and they keep a low profile. They tend to fund locally. They don't belong to associations of funders or attend annual conferences.

You won't find their RFPs on the usual lists from publications or online sources. They give funds to nonprofits with which they are personally acquainted. Many do not even consider unsolicited requests.

You will find them by being well connected to your community and alert to who's funding whom in your area.

Reach these foundations through the personal contacts of your organization's board members.

Provide ways for family funders to get to know your work through low-pressure opportunities and their own peers.

Invite family members of family foundations to be a part of your work as volunteers by asking them to sit on your board or to serve in an advisory capacity.

Use peer-to-peer contacts to find and cultivate members of the family involved in a family foundation. 

In the survey, 58 percent of the foundation respondents said that it was very important that "someone I know and respect is closely involved or has asked me to support the project."

When applying to a small foundation, try sending a short letter of inquiry.

Most small foundations do not want or need a big proposal package.

Some 80 percent of the foundations surveyed said that they preferred to receive a "poorly written request that represented the real words of the applicant" to an elegantly crafted proposal written by a professional grant writer.

The key is to be direct and honest. Trust the foundation to ask for more details once it is interested in your project.

Think partnerships.

Small family foundations prefer to partner. They want the organization to invest its own funds in the proposed project and are happy to see other funders involved.

They also appreciate an "exit" strategy to make sure that the nonprofit does not become dependent. They are not adverse, however, to providing general operating funds, something larger foundations are reluctant to do.

Check out how the foundation prefers to be contacted and tailor your request to the foundation's interests.

Most of the small foundations surveyed prefer to be contacted by email rather than mail or personal visits.

Furthermore, they say that it is of utmost importance that the proposed project fall within the foundation's priorities and guidelines. They expect the nonprofit to have done its homework before making a request.

Check out the foundation's website and/or look up the foundation's 990s from a source such as GuideStar.

Small family foundations also don't like generic proposals that are sent to several foundations; and they prefer that the proposal address one specific project that fits them well.

Be realistic about your project.

Small funders typically are skeptical of hyperbole and overreaching goals by nonprofits. Aim to be clear, concrete, and directly address risks and challenges. Describe your niche...how does your work differ from the work done by similar organizations?

Don't expect quick results from funding requests from small family foundations.

These are part-time philanthropists, and they don't usually have a professional staff or three or four funding cycles. Be patient and work with the family's schedule and needs.

More information and tips can be found in this article at GuideStar.