How to Format an Email Message

Formatting Tips for Professional Emails

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When you're sending an inquiry about a job or applying for a job, it's important to format your email as professionally as you would any other professional business letter. After all, everyone – recruiters and hiring managers included — get a lot of emails. Make sure that your emails stand out because of the content, and not because of sloppy mistakes, poor formatting, or overly casual language. 

Use a readable font in a 10 or 12 point size in your emails.

Send job search-related emails from a professional email address — ideally, your email address should just include some combination of your first and last name or first initial and last name. 

Here's what to include when sending job search correspondence and the email message format you should use when you are sending employment related email messages.

Email Message Format

Subject Line
Don't forget to include a Subject Line in your email.

If you forget to include one, your message probably isn't even going to get opened. Use the subject line to summarize why you're emailing. Some examples of strong subject lines: 

  • Application for Marketing Associate - Jane Smith  
  • Informational Interview Request 
  • Thank You - Marketing Associate Interview 
  • Referred by [Person's Name] for [Informational Interview, Discuss XYZ, etc.]

Salutation
If you have a contact person, address your email to Dear Mr./Ms. LastName.

If possible, find out the hiring manager's name — the information is sometimes listed on the job listing. If it's not, use sites like LinkedIn to determine the contact person, or check the company's website for information. If there is a contact number, you can also call the company's front desk and see if the receptionist can provide information.

Check your own network too: Do you know anyone who works at the company and might be able to share more information? 

If you do not have the contact person's name, simply address your email to Dear Hiring Manager. Another option is to not include a salutation and to simply start with the first paragraph of your message. 

Here is more information on appropriate business letter salutations

Body of the Message

When you're applying for a job via email, copy and paste your cover letter into the email message or write your cover letter in the body of an email message. If the job posting asks you to send your resume as an attachment, send your resume as a PDF or a Word document.

When you're inquiring about available positions or networking, be clear about why you are writing and the purpose of your email message.

Format Your Email Message
Your email message should be formatted like a typical business letter, with spaces between paragraphs and with no typos or grammatical errors. 

Don't mistake length for quality — keep your email brief and to the point. Avoid overly complicated or long sentences. Make it easy for email recipients to quickly scan through your email and know why you're emailing.

 

Proofread it, just like you would any other correspondence. If you're really concerned about typos, consider printing out the email draft. Often, it's easier to catch typos and grammatical errors on a hard copy than while reviewing on a screen. 

Review the email message template below and sample email messages to see what your message should look like.

Include an Email Signature
It's important to create an email signature and to include your signature with every message you send. Include your full name, your email address, and your phone number in your email signature, so the hiring manager can see, at a glance, how to contact you. You can also include a link to your LinkedIn profile page or website so that recruiters and hiring managers can easily find out more information about you. 

Don't Forget Attachments. 

Sending a job search email often involves attaching files — a resume, portfolio, or other sample work. Make sure to double-check that you have attached all files mentioned in your email before hitting the "send" button.  

Email Message Template

The following email message template lists the information you need to include in the email messages you send when job searching. Use the template as a guideline to create customized email messages to send to employers and connections.

Subject Line of Email Message: Store Manager Position - Your Name

Email Message:

Salutation:

Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name or Dear Hiring Manager,

First Paragraph:
The first paragraph of your letter should include information on why you are writing. Be clear and direct — if you are applying for a job, mention the job title. If you want an informational interview, state that in your opening sentences. 

Middle Paragraph: 
The next section of your email message should describe what you have to offer the employer or, if you're writing to ask for help, what type of assistance you are seeking.

Final Paragraph: 
Conclude your cover letter by thanking the employer for considering you for the position or your connection for helping with your job search.

Email Signature

FirstName LastName
Email Address
Phone
LinkedIn Profile (Optional)

Job Search Email Etiquette
Job search email etiquette including what to write in your job search emails, how to format your email, how to make sure your email message is read, and sample job search email messages.