How to Assemble a Home Disaster Kit
Most people don't think about needing a home disaster kit until disaster hits. Depending on where you live, you may feel anywhere from uncomfortable to truly afraid about the prospect of a terrorist attack in your town or city, especially since it could come in so many forms. Will we have to deal with nuclear emissions, biological agents, chemicals, suicide bombings, cyberspace attacks?
Not knowing the hows, whens and ifs keeps us on edge, even if the threat is just a thought we keep tucked away, and not truly something we worry about every day.
FEMA and the Red Cross offer suggestions to help us prepare for a disaster, and the majority of the plans include things we should all consider doing even when terrorism isn't a threat. Nearly every community in the US is subject to some kind of natural disaster: tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, mudslides, heavy snowstorms, earthquakes... the list goes on and on. So it makes sense to prepare our homes for a variety of disasters.
Disaster Supply Kits
Gather water, food and emergency supplies to last at least three days--longer is better. You probably already have most of the items on the list below. The trick is gathering them in one area and packing them so that items are easy to transport.
Rubbermaid and other similar manufacturers make plastic, sealable containers in many sizes and shapes, some with carrying handles that make them easy to transport. Clean trash containers with tight-fitting lids are another choice.
Find a variety of container sizes that you can pack into your car in a short time if necessary.
Supply of Drinking Water
- A minimum of one gallon of water per person per day.
- Buy bottled water or store tap water in washed plastic, fiberglass or enamel-lined metal containers. Sanitize containers with a solution of one part bleach to ten parts water before using.
- If your tap water is commercially treated, you can use it as-is. For well water or untreated public water, follow treatment instructions provided by your public health service.
- Seal the water containers tightly and label them with the date. Store in a cool, dark place. Refresh your water supply every six months.
- If you're on a private well in an area prone to electrical outages, you might want to store larger amounts of water to flush stools and for general cleanup. The bakery departments of grocery stores receive pre-made frosting in covered buckets and will often give you those buckets free. Cat litter and other products come in suitable 2-3 gallon covered buckets. Look around to see what you can find.
Choosing Food Supplies
Use a permanent marker to date foods and replace items every six months. Pack foods in watertight bags or sturdy plastic containers.
- Canned foods are a good choice. Buy ready-to-eat meats, fruits, and vegetables.
- Buy canned or boxed juices, milk, soup, and powdered milk.
- Peanut butter is a good source of protein.
- Crackers, granola bars, cereals, trail mix.
- Instant coffee and tea.
- Sugar, salt, pepper, other spices.
- Don't forget a manual can opener!
Your First Aid Supplies
- First aid manual, scissors, sterile bandages, gauze pads, cotton balls, safety pins, latex gloves.
- Antibiotic ointment, cleansing agents such as isopropyl alcohol and hydrogen peroxide, germicidal soaps, moistened towelettes.
- Needles, tweezers, scissors, thermometer.
- Aspirin, anti-diarrhea medication, antacids, syrup of ipecac (to induce vomiting), vitamins.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice if you wish to store your regular prescription medications.
Essential Tools and Emergency Supplies
- Battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries, a NOAA weather radio.
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- Matches in a waterproof container.
- Shutoff wrench, pliers, shovel and other tools.
- Duct tape, scissors, plastic sheeting.
- Fire extinguisher.
- Paper, pens, pencils.
- Needles and thread.
- Paper plates, plastic cups and utensils. Plastic trash bags.
- Hand sanitizer, liquid detergent, towelettes, soap. Toilet paper, paper towels.
- Chlorine bleach and other disinfectant cleaners.
- Household documents, contact numbers.
- Copies of important documents. Cash or traveler's checks.
- Blankets, bedding, sleeping bags.
- Comfortable clothes and shoes.
- Supplies for babies and the elderly.
- Supplies for your pets.
- Things to do: books, games, toys.
At Work and In Your Car
- Keep an emergency backpack at the office in case you can't get home right away.
- Store a supply of food and water in your car. Include jumper cables, flares, ice melt and other seasonal items.
- Keep your gas tank filled.
That covers the basics. FEMA, the American Red Cross and other government agencies can offer you much more advice to help you prepare for any type of disaster.