When searching for a home, many buyers choose to use the services of a realtor or real estate agent. Many prospective buyers run into the problem of not being able to choose an agent or become unhappy with the agent they chose. Sometimes, buyers will attempt to use multiple real estate agents when searching for a home.
There are no regulations or legislation that states buyers cannot use more than one agent or realtor; however, realtors have a code of ethics they follow, and cannot interfere with another agent's sales. They will not want to work for a client that is not committed to them or who is attempting to use multiple agents.
How Real Estate Brokerages Work
Many real estate agents work for a real estate broker, and can either work in a selling or buying agent capacity. As you are looking through the agents in your area, you may notice that some work for a national or regional agency, of which there might be more than one. Each of these might be owned by a different broker, who employs the agents and realtors.
The agents you come into contact with are required to work for a broker. What this means for buyers is that agents will be working alongside other agents for the same brokers—leading to the coordination of home showings and sales so that they do not interfere with deals that other agents are constructing. It is very likely that agents will figure out that someone is trying to use multiple agents.
Almost every listing goes into MLS and all agents have access. Agents expose their homes for sale to the largest pool of buyers possible because this generally brings the highest price and attracts the most buyers.
All real estate agents work for a broker or are the broker themselves. Attempting to work with more than one exposes you to the risk of not receiving their services, as this violates their code of ethics.
Contracts With Agents
Realtors and agents will ask prospective buyers if they are working with another agent; if the buyer is, they will not want to work with them. Since real estate agents are commission-based (they receive their pay after the sale), they run the risk of not being paid for their work. For this reason, many agents will ask buyers to sign a buyer's agent agreement to exclusively use their services.
If a buyer is unhappy with their current agent, they are able to cancel any agency agreements by either agreeing to terminate the relationship, using a letter of cancellation (such as a Termination of Agency Agreement and Release) or by talking to the agent's broker.
A good buyer practice is to find a buyer's agent that deserves trust and then stick with that agent.
Using Multiple Agents Is Unethical
Since realtors work on commission, they need to have some guarantee that the work they are doing will result in compensation. This is where they have to rely on each other and their code of ethics. Without these agreements, buyers and agents might use unethical practices to take advantage of other agents; causing agents to not receive payment for the work they have done.
For these reasons, very few buyer's agents would agree to take on a buyer, much less show the buyer homes, if they were suspected of trying to work with more than one agent.
There are some buyers who practice contacting multiple agents. These types of buyers are often called principal buyers, and they only call listing agents (instead of buying agents) because they don't require representation. Principal buyers generally are more well-informed of real estate practices, and agents are familiar with their practices.