How Does NORAD Track Santa?

Tracking Santa Clause for Over 50 Years

NORAD tracks Santa
NORAD tracks Santa. Getty Images

Each year, thousands of families across the world ​tune in to NORAD to track Santa Clause as he delivers presents on Christmas Eve. The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) has been the primary source for tracking Santa Clause on Christmas Eve for over 50 years, and they take Santa tracking seriously. But why is NORAD tasked with this huge responsibility each Christmas? And how, exactly, do they do it?


What is NORAD?

NORAD is an organization in charge of aerospace control and protection in North America. As a cooperative effort with Canada, the organization is responsible for monitoring and protecting national airspace, aircraft and other objects in space.

There are three basic functions of NORAD: Aerospace control, aerospace warning and maritime warning. Aerospace control encompasses the control of all national airspace and air defense. Aerospace warning involves keeping the nation's airspace safe from outside attacks and protecting our country from missiles, aircraft and other aerospace technologies that could interfere with national security.

NORAD offices are located at Petersen Air Force Base in Colorado, side by side with the U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) command offices. NORAD is separated into three regions: Alaskan NORAD Region, Canadian NORAD region, and Continental U.S. NORAD region.


The Beginning of Santa-Tracking:

In 1955, NORAD was operating under the name CONAD, which stood for Continental Air Defense Command. One Christmas, a department store printed the wrong number on an ad that encouraged children to call Santa Clause. The number rang through to the (CONAD) office, where kids called that night asking for Santa.

The man that answered the phone was the Director of Operations at the time, Colonel Harry Shoup. He was nice enough to play along, telling the children where Santa might be based on his radar data. The tradition kept -- after all, NORAD employees watch the skies 24 hours a day, seven days per week, anyway!


Santa-Tracking Methods:

Over the years, the NORAD Tracks Santa program has grown to include a large platform of volunteers, a website and merchandise sales, along with the actual Santa tracking event.

On Christmas Eve, hundreds of volunteers gather at the NORAD Command Center to answer phones and field emails from children all over the world. Volunteers track Santa's position using radar, satellites, special Santa cameras and fighter aircraft.

According to NORAD, the organization uses the North Warning System, which is a series of 47 radar systems across North America. In addition, heat sensors on satellites can detect Santa's whereabouts, as well. Fighter aircraft such as the F-15, F-16, F-22 and CF-18 fighter jets are flown to intercept Santa, making sure the skies remain safe and Santa isn't interrupted by other flying objects on Christmas.


Why it Works:

Today, the NTS program has hundreds of volunteers and takes thousands of calls from children on Christmas. Children who believe in Santa enjoy learning where he is and knowing that he is on his way to their own house on Christmas Eve night.

NORAD maintains a very large online presence, alerting the press of Santa's movements and posting his updated locations online for the world to see. NORAD also operates a website and various social media platforms, used to reveal videos and pictures of Santa Clause. The NORAD Tracks Santa website also has games for kids to play online while they wait for Santa to come.

The "FAQ" section of the NTS website answers many popular questions, such as what Santa looks like, how he manages to get to everyone's house, and if he has ever been photographed by NORAD. The site also includes an aviation favorite: Santa's sleigh specifications, which tells us that the length of Santa's sleigh is 75cc (which stands for candy canes) and the weight at takeoff is 75,000 gd (gumdrops).

And in case you're curious, according to NORAD, Santa has never crashed his sleigh into anything.

NORAD works hard to make sure the kids of the world know where Santa is every year, and to protect the skies over North America every day. Will you be tuning in to track Santa this year? 

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