How Do I Use E-File for Federal Business Taxes?

File and Pay Business Electronically
File and Pay Business Taxes Electronically. fotografstockholm/Getty Images

How Do I Use E-File for Federal Business Taxes?

The IRS provides a process for electronically filing federal tax returns. E-file allows you to file your business income tax and employment tax returns electronically. The E-file system includes two ways to pay and two types of e-filing, depending on the type of form being filed. Employment tax forms (Form 941, Form 940, and Form 944) must be filed using the employment tax form e-file program.

What About the Federal Tax Coupon 8109? 

Form 8109-B -Federal Tax Deposit Coupon was used before 2011 to make deposits for payroll taxes, corporate income taxes, and other tax deposits. Now, IRS will not accept deposit coupons. All tax deposit transactions must be made through the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System, described below. 

 Two Parts of E-File: Filing and Paying

The IRS E-File system has two parts: filing forms and paying taxes.

  • If you file electronically, you can pay along with your electronic filing by using electronic funds withdrawal, available with tax preparation software (like TurboTax, TaxAct, or H&R Block AtHome) or through your tax preparer.
  • Paying taxes by phone or Internet using a debit or credit card is also an option, whether you file electronically or not.

E-File Options

You can use E-File in one of two ways:

  • Use a tax preparer, like a CPA or Enrolled Agent, who is authorized by the IRS to e-file tax returns. You can ask your current tax preparer if he or she e-files (most do) or find an IRS-approved provider who can assist you with e-filing.

Payment Options

  • You can pay taxes owed using electronic funds transfer, available through your tax preparer or by using tax preparation software. You will need to provide information about your bank account-routing number and account number. You can't use this option with Form 943 and Form 945.
  • You may also pay by using a credit card or debit card, through a service provider. See the list of IRS-approved E-Pay Service Providers and their fees. This list also includes combined e-file and e-pay providers. Credit card and debit card payments are not accepted for these IRS forms: 720, 990, 1120, 2290, 7004, and 8868.

Paying Business Taxes with EFTPS

You can sign up for and use the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS) for paying all business taxes, including employment taxes. You must use EFTPS for all federal employment taxes which were previously filed with Payment Coupon 8109. Read more about which employment taxes to be filed with EFTPS.

E-File W-2s with Social Security

Unrelated to IRS e-file, you can also register with the Social Security Administration's Business Services Online to file year-end tax reports and form, including W-2 and W-3 forms for employees.

For a complete list of IRS forms which may be e-filed, go to the IRS e-file list.

Get more information on common business tax preparation software programs or online services.