Army Enlisted Jobs: Field 18 - Special Forces

Army SF soldiers
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The Army and Marine Corps call their enlisted job specialties, "MOS's," or "Military Occupation Specialties. Within the Army Special Forces their MOS Specialty Field is the number 18.  The Special Forces Officer is the missing 18A (below). The Special Forces officer is in charge and both operationally and administratively responsible for the Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA). An ODA is a highly trained 12-man team made up of Army Special Forces, who wear the Green Beret, that is deployed all over the world where need immediately for a variety of combat and training missions.

Below are the Army MOS's that fall into the Special Forces Field:

18B - Special Forces Weapons Sergeant - The weapons sergeant within the Special Forces career field employs conventional and unconventional warfare tactics and techniques in individual and small unit infantry operations. Employs individual domestic, foreign small arms, light and heavy crew served weapons, anti-aircraft and anti-armor weapons. 

18C - Special Forces Engineer - Special Force engineer sergeants are specialists across a wide range of disciplines, from demolitions and constructions of field fortifications to topographic survey techniques.

18D - Special Forces Medical Sergeant - The Special Forces medical sergeant provide medical care and treatment to his unit, other units within the military, as well as indigenous population where deployed. They are experts in trauma medicine and deploy with the team worldwide.

18E - Special Forces Communications Sergeant - The Communications Sergeant in the Special Forces are proficient in and the instruction of the installation, operation and employment of FM, AM, VHF, UHF, and SHF radio communication systems to transmit and receive radio messages in voice, continuous wave, and burst code radio nets.


18F - Special Forces Assistant Operations and Intelligence Sergeant - The SF Intel Sergeant employs provides tactical and technical guidance to the Detachment Commander, indigenous and allied personnel. Plans, organizes, trains, advises, assists and supervises indigenous and allied personnel on collection and processing of intelligence information.


18X - Special Forces Enlistment Option - 18X is an enlistment option code a recruit will apply for during his Delayed Entry Program status. Under the 18X enlistment option, recruits are guaranteed the opportunity to attend assessment and selection (SFAS) for Special Forces. It does not guarantee that the recruit will be accepted into the Special Forces program. 

18Z - Special Forces Senior Sergeant - It takes several years within Special Forces to become the Senior Sergeant (18Z).  He supervises, instructs and serves as the senior enlisted member for SF activities. The Senior Sergeant performs joint, combined and coalition planning and supervises operations for higher headquarters, major commands and any joint commands. 

The above Special Forces MOS's make up the Operational Detachment Alpha and work together as a team to answer the call in unconventional warfare.  The training for all the MOS's above are taught and organized in a manner that any sergeant who completes the training can augment into any ODA if needed and be fully capable and expected to do the job as taught and required.


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