Equine Veterinary Technician

Equine vet tech prepares for an ultrasound
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Equine veterinary technicians assist equine veterinarians with treatments and procedures including routine health exams and surgeries. They may be responsible for a variety of duties such as safely restraining horses during exams, jogging horses for lameness tests, administering medication, bandaging wounds, preparing surgical sites, running laboratory tests, taking x-rays, giving injections, drawing blood, maintaining patient records, and coordinating appointment scheduling.

Depending on the schedule of the veterinarian that they are working with, some equine veterinary technicians may be required to work nights, weekends, holidays, or extended hours during certain seasons. It is important for technicians to take proper safety precautions while working with horses so that they can minimize the risk of serious injuries from kicks or bites.

Career Options

Equine veterinary technicians can work stationary equine clinics or they may travel with equine vets that provide on-site care at farms. Some equine vet techs also find full-time roles with large commercial breeding farms (especially in the thoroughbred industry), zoos, educational institutions, or research firms.

Equine veterinary technicians can use their experience to move into a related field such as equine pharmaceutical sales, equine equipment sales, or farm management roles. Others choose to move into positions as barn managers, riding instructors, or trainers.

Education and Licensing

There are over 230 accredited veterinary technician programs in the United States that have been approved by the AVMA. Most of these institutions provide training that allows a student to pursue a two-year Associates degree in the field; there are 9 programs that offer a four-year Bachelor of Science degree.

After completing their course of study, vet techs must also take an exam to be eligible for licensing in their state. Most states require techs to pass the Veterinary Technician National Exam (VTNE), though specific requirements may vary from one state to the next.

The National Association of Veterinary Technicians in America (NAVTA) recognizes over 10 specialties for veterinary technician specialist (VTS) certification, one of which is the equine veterinary nursing specialty certification. The equine specialty certification is administered by the American Association of Equine Veterinary Technicians (AAEVT). The AAEVT is a professional membership organization that also provides continuing education and networking opportunities for equine vet techs.

Veterinary technicians can also qualify for VTS specialty certification as surgical technicians or in other fields such as anesthesia, internal medicine, dentistry, emergency & critical care, behavior, zoo, clinical practice, or nutrition.

Most equine veterinary technicians also have significant practical experience working with horses in a “hands on” capacity, whether this experience was gained in the racing, breeding, or showing segment of the industry.

There is no substitute for direct experience working with horses, as it gives the technician valuable insight into equine behavior.


Data on the specific earnings of equine veterinary technicians is difficult to obtain, as most salary surveys do not separate out equine technician earnings from the larger category of veterinary technician salaries. Salary may also vary widely within the equine veterinary technician field, as those with additional education, experience, or certifications tend to earn higher salaries than those who do not have these additional qualifications.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, veterinary technicians earned a median salary of $31,070 per year ($14.94 per hour) in 2014. The BLS survey also reported that the job category of veterinary technicians and technologists had a wide range of earnings, with the lowest tenth earning less than $21,390 and the highest tenth earning more than $45,710.

Benefits and job perks for equine veterinary technicians vary but may include a combination of health insurance, dental insurance, paid vacation days, uniform allowances, or discounted veterinary services for their own horses.

Career Outlook

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), there were nearly 95,600 veterinary technicians employed during the 2014 survey. The BLS predicts that the profession will expand at a rapid rate of more than 19% from 2014 to 2021, making this career path a healthy choice for the foreseeable future.

The BLS survey indicates that many job opportunities will be available for the relatively small number of newly licensed vet techs that will graduate each year from accredited programs. While it is true that more positions exist for veterinary technicians in small animal clinics, job prospects should still be strong for equine veterinary technicians over the next decade as the equine industry shows signs of continued growth.