Employment Certificate Example

Essential Child Labor Law Rules

teen girl working in ice cream shop
Many states require work permits or proof-of-age certificates for workers of certain ages. Eternity in an Instant/Taxi/Getty Images

While the federal government doesn't require work permits or proof-of-age certificates for minors, many states do require them for workers of certain ages. The certificate represents a good faith effort to comply with minimum age requirements and it protects the employer from prosecution for employing an underage worker. A fine or monetary penalty can result for an employer who violates an age requirement.

State labor laws cover general work, agricultural and non-farm employment, entertainment and door to door sales.

If you're not sure whether your state requires an employment certificate, check with your school guidance counselor who should know the law. While most certificates are issues by states, The Department of Labor will issue one if the state does not and the minor's employer is requesting it.

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Child Labor Rules

The Fair Labor Standards Act, established in 1938, covers minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, and child labor rules for children under the age of 18, affecting full- and part-time workers in private industries and in the Federal, state and local governments. The rules vary based on the age of the child and his or her occupation.

The FLSA child labor laws are meant to protect children's educational opportunities and prohibit employers from putting them in working conditions dangerous to their health or safety.

The provisions include restrictions on hours of work for children under the age of 16 and lists of occupations that are too dangerous them.

Banned Occupations for Children

According to the Department of Labor, children under the age of 18 are not permitted to work in 17 different occupations that are considered hazardous, including:

  • Coal mining and mining other than coal
  • Using power-driven woodworking machines
  • Using power-driven meat-processing machines and other equipment related to slaughtering, meat packing, processing or rendering
  • Using power-driven bakery machines
  • Using balers and compactors
  • Manufacturing brick, tile and related products
  • Using power-driven circular saws and other similar tools
  • Working in wrecking and demolition
  • Roofing work

Sample Employment Certificate (Working Papers) For Minors

The following sample employment certificate contains the necessary information in order for a minor to obtain working papers. If you are required to get an employment certificate, working papers can be obtained from either your high school or the Department of Labor, depending on where you live.

_____ Employment During School Year

_____ Employment During School Vacations

This certificate authorizes the employment of

____________________________________ (Name of Minor)

____________________________________ (Address of Minor)

Minor’s Age _____ Date of Birth _________________

Date of Issue _____________

Date of expiration _____________

Proof of age accepted ______________________________________ (specify proof of age)

Certificate of physical fitness accepted____________________

Grade Completed_____________ (Specify)

Place of Birth __________________________________________

Color of Hair _______________ Color of Eyes ________________

Height _____ feet _____inches

Weight ______ pounds

Name of Parent(s) ___________________________________

Telephone Number __________________________________

Signature of Minor __________________________________

Issuing Office

Issuing Officer's Signature______________________

Title________________________

Telephone Number__________________

Name of School________________________________________________

Address of School______________________________________________

City/State/Zip__________________________________________________

Certificate is valid for one year.

Note: Federal Hour Restrictions

  • Not more than 3 Hours on a School Day
  • Not more than 18 Hours in a School Week
  • Not More than 8 Hours on a Non-school Day
  • Not more than 40 Hours in a Non-school Week
  • Not Before 7 a.m. nor After 7 p.m. (9 p.m. from June 1st through Labor Day)

Suggested Reading: How to Get Working Papers | Hours Teens Can Work