8 Reasons to Buy a Home
If you're like most people weighing whether to make their first home purchase, you've probably listened to the advice of friends, family, and co-workers, many of whom are likely encouraging you to buy a home. However, you may still wonder if buying a home is the right thing to do.
Having reservations is normal. The more you know about why you should buy a home, the less scary the entire process will be. It's reasonable to double-check yourself, though. Here are eight good reasons why you should consider buying a home.
Pride of Ownership
Pride of ownership is probably the number one reason people enjoy owning their own homes. It means you can paint the walls any color you desire, turn your music up, attach permanent fixtures, and decorate your home according to your own taste.
Homeownership also gives you and your family a sense of stability and security. It's investing in your future—equity that will grow with you the longer you are in the home.
Beyond pride of ownership, it's important to realize another benefit. Although real estate values move in cycles, housing values have consistently appreciated. The Federal Housing Finance Agency tracks the movements of single-family home values across the country. Its House Price Index breaks down the changes by region and metropolitan area, and you can track how home values have increased over time.
Many people view their home investment as a hedge against inflation.
Mortgage Interest Deductions
Homeownership is a superb tax shelter, and tax rates favor homeowners. Sometimes the mortgage interest deduction can overshadow the desire for the pride of ownership as well. As long as your mortgage balance is smaller than the price of your home, mortgage interest is fully deductible on your tax return. For a large portion of the time you pay down your mortgage, interest is the largest component of your mortgage payment.
Property Tax Deductions
IRS Publication 530 contains tax information for first-time homebuyers. In general, you can deduct state and local real estate taxes. Most homeowners pay their property taxes as part of their monthly mortgage payments.
To take advantage of the interest and property tax deductions, you must itemize your deductions. With the higher standard deduction that went into effect under the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, homeowners may find the standard deduction more advantageous.
Capital Gains Exclusion
As long as you have lived in your home for two of the past five years, you can exclude up to $250,000 for an individual or $500,000 for a married couple of profit from capital gains when you sell it. You do not have to buy a replacement home or move up. You can exclude the above thresholds from taxes every 24 months, which means you could sell every two years and pocket your profit—subject to limitation—free from taxation.
Preferential Tax Treatment
If you receive more profit than the allowable exclusion upon sale of your home, that profit will be considered capital gains as long as you own your home for more than one year. Capital gains receive preferential tax treatment compared to income tax. This means that even if your profit exceeds the exclusion, the taxable portion will be much less than you might imagine.
Most taxpayers will pay 15%, or at most 20%, in capital gains taxes. That's compared to the income tax rate, which is 22% or more for most taxpayers.
Mortgage Reduction Builds Equity
Each month, part of your monthly payment is applied to your loan's principal balance, which reduces your obligation. The way amortization works, more of your payment goes toward the principal and less to interest each month. The amount of your payment going toward the principal is the lowest on your first payment and highest on your last payment. The longer you are in the home, the more equity you are building with each payment.
Consumers who carry credit card balances cannot deduct the interest paid, which can cost as much as 18% to 22%. Equity loan interest is often much less. For many homeowners who have built up some equity, it makes sense to pay off consumer debt with a home equity loan.
While in the past, you could deduct the interest paid on home equity loans on your taxes, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 suspended the deduction unless you use the funds to buy, build, or substantially improve the home that secures the loan. Some state laws restrict home equity loans.
The Bottom Line
Homeownership brings many responsibilities, and it's wise to make sure you're ready for it before you buy for the first time. But as you can see, it has a lot of benefits. Be sure to weigh the pros and cons when you're considering buying your first home.
IRS. "Publication 936 (2019), Home Mortgage Interest Deduction." Accessed Jan. 11, 2021.
IRS. "Publication 530 (2019), Tax Information for Homeowners." Accessed Jan. 11, 2021.
IRS. "Topic No. 701 Sale of Your Home." Accessed Jan. 11, 2021.
IRS. "Topic No. 409 Capital Gains and Losses." Accessed Jan. 11, 2021.
IRS. "IRS Provides Tax Inflation Adjustments for Tax Year 2020." Accessed Jan. 11, 2021.
IRS. "Interest on Home Equity Loans Often Still Deductible Under New Law." Accessed Jan. 11, 2021.