College Graduate Salaries: Expectations vs. Reality
If you’re a soon-to-be or recent college graduate, you’ve probably wondered how much your degree is worth. Most college students place a high priority on salary as they anticipate employment after graduation.
According to a LendEDU survey (2017) of over 3,000 students, more than 70% of respondents indicated that salary was the most important consideration for post-graduate employment. However, the realities of compensation for graduates often do not live up to their expectations.
The survey reports 38% of respondents expected starting salaries of over $60,000 a year, with 17% of those expecting to earn over $80,000. 36% of students expected to make between $40,000 and $60,000, while the remaining 26% expected to earn under $40,000 in their first job.
Average Salary for College Graduates
Are those salaries a realistic expectation? A Korn Ferry study reports that the average salary for college graduates was flat for 2018, after an all-time high in 2017. However, that high might not be what you expected when you started looking for your first job after college. If you were one of the students who responded with the highest expectations, it’s going to be a stretch to reach your salary goal.
Korn Ferry’s Hay Group division researchers analyzed salary data for 310,000 entry-level positions from over 1,000 organizations.
The data for 25 different jobs indicated that 2018 college grads would earn an average salary of $50,390, up 2.8% from $49,000 in 2017. When compared with the expectations in the data from LendEDU, it appears that about half of graduates would receive salaries less than what they had anticipated.
Salaries Based on Jobs
Based on the jobs analyzed by Korn Ferry, the top salaries on the list pay in the mid-60s:
- Software Developer: $67,236
- Scientist/Researcher: $60,177
- Engineer: $64,066
The lowest salaries are in the mid to upper-30s:
- Customer Service Representative: $35,360
- Claims Examiner: $39,978
Salary Based on Location
The Korn Ferry research highlighted geographic differences in pay in major cities with average salaries ranging from $49,584 in Atlanta to $60,972 in New York and $63,995 in San Francisco on the higher-end.
Graduates relocating to lower-wage cities are more likely to be disappointed by salaries. Those moving to some higher wage metropolitan areas may be pleasantly surprised by their earning potential.
The Majors That Pay the Most
As you might expect, college major is the most significant differential when it comes to salaries for your first job after college.
The National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) surveyed 186 employers in the winter of 2019 on the starting salaries that they expect to offer graduates in various majors. Employers planned to pay the highest salaries to STEM (Science, Engineering, Technology, and Math) graduates:
- Engineering: $69,188
- Computer Science: $67,539
- Math and Science: $61,867
Employers reported the lowest expected salaries for the following majors:
- Business: $67,657
- Social Sciences: $57,310
- Humanities: $56,651
- Agriculture and Natural Resources: $55,750
- Communications: $52,056
PayScale’s 2019-20 College Salary Report notes that “Major can have an even bigger impact on future earnings than choice of school.” PayScale reports the majors with the highest earnings for alumni early in their career (0-5 years of work experience). This list also includes many STEM majors as well as the addition of healthcare-related disciplines:
- Petroleum Engineering: $94,500
- Physician Assistant Studies: $91,100
- Electrical Engineering and Computer Science: $88,000
- Pharmacy: $79,600
- Metallurgical Engineering: $78,100
- Operations Research: $77,900
- Computer Science and Physics: $77,300
- Nuclear Engineering Technology: $76,900
- Petroleum Land Management: $76,800
- Welding Engineering: $76,100
The Majors That Pay the Least
Payscale also reports that the worst paying majors (2019-20) for college graduates include:
- Speech and Drama: $28,300
- Voice and Opera: $32,500
- Medical Assisting: $32,500
- Painting and Printmaking: $32,800
- Rehabilitation Services: $32,800
- Developmental Psychology: $33,200
- Child and Family Studies: $33,400
- Early Childhood Education: $33,500
- Ministry: $34,000
- Mental Health Counseling: $34,100
If you’re in a high-demand career field, it will be easiest to earn what you’re hoping for in your first salary. If not, there will be opportunities to increase your earning potential over time.
Having a college degree automatically ups your chances of earning more. The average salary for someone with a four-year degree is more than double that of someone who didn’t graduate from high school.
Class of 2019 Hiring
Employers expect to hire many more (10.7%) new college graduates than they did last year, according to a report from NACE. NACE also reports that employers are expected to hire 2.7% more interns this year, which will provide opportunities for graduates seeking post-grad internships as well as for college students.
Perception vs. Reality
Like the Korn Ferry projections indicated, NACE reported in July 2019, that actual salaries for the class of 2018 increased by less than 1% over the pay garnered by the class of 2017 ($50,944 vs. $50,516), which will do little to narrow the gap between expectations and reality.
Even the graduates with the highest potential salaries may experience disappointment since 38% of the students surveyed by LendEDU expected to earn over $60,000, probably more than is realistic in all but the highest cost of living areas. Graduates in career fields with lower salaries are even more likely to find that compensation does not measure up to the levels that they had anticipated.
However, some students who expected to earn less than or close to $40,000 may be pleasantly surprised when salaries exceed their expectations. Graduates with majors not perceived to be in high demand are most likely to experience the greatest surprise when they receive job offers on the higher side.
Get Salary Information
It’s important to know what you’re worth, whether you are searching for your first job or you have years of experience. The more information you have, the easier it will be to negotiate salary.
There are free online salary calculators you can use to get estimates, and PayScale offers a free personalized salary report. You can also use a paycheck calculator to estimate your take-home pay. Consult your college’s career office and alumni in your field for input as well.
Consider Your Compensation Package
What can you do if you’re one of those graduates whose expectations aren’t in line with what the job market actually pays? If you’ve got significant work or internship experience, the skill set employers are seeking in college grads, and the position is in a higher-paying market, you may be able to boost your salary a bit.
The more you do in college to prepare for the workplace, the higher your paycheck will be. Be sure to include everything applicable on your resume, so the hiring manager can see how well-qualified you are.
In addition, remember that money isn’t everything, even though it was the most important thing for 72% of the LearnEDU survey respondents. A compensation package is worth more than you see in your paycheck when you add in employer-provided benefits and perks, which can be substantial.
It’s also important to consider employment values other than compensation. Consider factors like the potential for advancement, your satisfaction with the day-to-day content of the job activities, and work/life balance, in order to make a good decision when evaluating offers for your first job after college.
Georgetown University: The Economic Value of College Majors
Society for Human Resource Management: What Should be Included in a Total Compensation Statement?