What To Do When You Can't Make Your Minimum Credit Card Payment

Avoid the Penalties of Late and Missed Credit Card Payments

Woman reviewing bills
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You've known it for some time now, but the reality of it has just hit you. You can't make your minimum credit card payment this month. Whether an unexpected expense depletes your budget, you're going through a period of financial difficulty, or you're simply overspent, it happens to the best of us at one time or another. How you handle it will impact your credit rating so it's important to proceed with caution.

Consequences of a Missed Payment

When you can't make your monthly credit card payment, the absolute worst thing you can do is just let the bill go unpaid. Your creditor can take certain actions like charging you a late fee or reporting the late payment to the credit bureaus, if your payment goes 30 days past due.

One missed payment puts you closer to having your interest rate raised to the highest penalty rate. If you miss two payments - become 60 days past due - your credit card issuer can impose the penalty rate. The penalty rate can apply not only to the credit card on which you missed a payment, but for any other credit cards you have with that issuer. And depending on your credit card terms, the penalty rate may apply indefinitely.

Talking To Your Creditor

What should you do instead of simply skipping your payment? Call your card issuer and explain the situation to them. Let them know it's a one-time occurrence and let them know when you'll be able to make your next payment.

Some creditors will extend your due date, waive the late fee, and continue reporting a "current" payment status to credit bureaus.

Not every credit card issuer will be sympathetic to your situation. If your credit card issuer is unwilling to work with you, try looking for money in other places in your budget.

Is there something you can spend less on this month? Perhaps you can borrow from a friend or family member or get a small advance from your employer on your next paycheck. See How to Get Money to Pay Your Debt for some ways to come up with cash to make your payments.

Juggling Bills is Risky

Be careful about putting off other bill payments because there could be consequences there, too. For example, if you don't pay your electricity bill, you face having your services disconnected. You should also avoid taking out payday loans which can trap you in a deeper cycle of debt.

Avoid falling for the "one dollar minimum payment myth" that suggests you can send something less than your minimum payment to meet your monthly payment obligation. Contrary to what you may have read or heard, credit card issuers don't withhold late payment penalties just because you made an effort to pay. You must pay at least the minimum payment or make other payments arrangements with your credit card issuer to keep from being assessed a late charge or have your interest rate increased.

Rather than forgoing your credit card payment, do what you can to keep your cost of credit low and preserve your current credit standing.

How to Make Up a Missed Payment

If the worst happens and you miss your due date, make up the payment as soon as possible. You can avoid having a late entry added to your credit report by making the payment before it's 30 days past due. Plus, paying before your next due date rolls around keeps you from having to double up on payments in a single month.

You don't have to call your credit card issuer to make your payment - unless you want to ask for your late fee to be waived. You can make your payment online, by mail, or via phone as you normally would. If you send your payment after the statement is printed, the payment won't show up on your statement. Check your online account to verify that your payment posted and to check the minimum payment you must make by the next due date.

Where to Get Professional Help

If you find that you're consistently having trouble making your minimum payments, consider credit counseling.

A credit counselor can help you figure out how to restructure your budget or negotiate lower monthly payments with your creditor. Your credit card statement will contain a number that you can call if you're experiencing financial trouble. Or, you can reach out to the National Foundation for Credit Counseling to find a credit counseling agency in your area.