How to Become a Millionaire Earning $30,000 a Year
It may sound crazy, but even if you only earn $30,000 per year, if you invest (and save) wisely and prudently, you can become a millionaire. Here's how to turn 30K into seven figures by age 63.
Start Investing Early
Let's say at age 25; you begin earning $30,000 annually. That’s an income of $2,500 per month, before taxes and deductions. You should be able to save $458.33 per month and spend the other $2,000. Remember, this is a savings rate of less than 20 percent of your gross income. Your savings of $458.33 per month amounts to $5,500 per year.
Put that money in a Roth individual retirement account (Roth IRA). The maximum you’re allowed to contribute to a Roth IRA per year, based on 2020 rules, is $6,000. Meanwhile, you can learn more about Roth IRAs. You can also put your money into a passively managed index fund that tracks the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
There's Nothing Fancy About It
The main thing about putting money into a Roth IRA or passive index fund is you’re not doing anything fancy. You don't need any knowledge of advanced investing, you’re not day-trading, stock-picking, or betting on the next big thing. It doesn't require anything sophisticated, time-consuming, or risky. You’re just tracking the broad, overall market through a low-fee index fund: the simplest type of investing you can do.
The Art of Compound Interest
The key is, you don’t touch your money. You never withdraw it. You just let it sit there, reinvesting its dividends, and enjoying the power of compound interest. If your money grows at 7 percent annually, within 38 years, by the time you’re 63, you’ll have a nest egg of $1 million. By saving only $458 per month, which is the amount some people spend on their car payment, you can grow a million-dollar nest egg by the time you retire.
Stepping Up Your Savings
What if you earn $40,000 per year? Can you bump up your savings a bit more, and start putting aside $600 per month? If you do, you’ll shave three years from the amount of time it takes to become a millionaire. Rather than becoming a millionaire in 37 years, you’ll reach your goal in 34 years. That means you can celebrate your 60th birthday millionaire-style if you start when you’re 25. Not only will you retire as a millionaire, but you'll also potentially be able to retire early.
The More You Save, the Earlier You Can Retire
At $600 per month, you’re saving only 18 percent of your gross income. If you can bump your savings rate up by another 2 percent, to a rate of $667 per month, you’ll shave yet another two years from your timeline. You’ll be a millionaire by age 58 if you start at 25.
This effect is the result of compound interest, which is the term that describes your interest and gains accumulating its interest. The longer you stay invested, the more compound interest works to grow your nest egg. That’s why any investor, from Warren Buffet on down, will tell you it's a great idea to start saving for retirement when you’re young.
Internal Revenue Service. "Retirement Topics - IRA Contribution Limits." Accessed July 16, 2020.