What Is Business Promotion - A Definition

Promotion Is Different from Advertising

Low angle view of women carrying shopping bags outside clothing store
Looks like that promotion was successful. Dan Dalton / Getty Images

Definition

Business promotion is communicating with the public in an attempt to influence them toward buying your products and/or services. You might communicate in person through direct selling or in a retail store, via the internet through a website or social media platform, electronically through email or text messaging (SMS marketing), just to name a few of the more popular business communication channels, but it's the intention to influence the consumer that defines promotion and sets it apart from other communication with customers and/or clients.

Promotion and Advertising Are Not the Same 

The words promotion and advertising are often used interchangeably, but they're not the same thing.

Advertising is one specific action you could take to promote your product or service. It's one type of promotion.

Promotion, as a general term, includes all the ways available to make a product and/or service known to and available to purchase by customers.

The word promotion is also used specifically to refer to a particular activity that is intended to promote the business, product or service. A store might advertise that it's having a big promotion on certain items, for instance, or a business person may refer to an ad as a promotion. Businesses also often create or buy promotional merchandise, products that often have been branded with a company's logo, to give away at events such as trade shows or as thank yous to customers.

Examples of Business Promotion

  • Word of mouth is considered by many to be the most effective way to promote a business, and best of all it is free. Studies have shown that over 90 percent of consumers use recommendations from friends or family when choosing products or services. Businesses that consistently go the extra mile to provide superior customer service rely on word of mouth over other forms of promotion.
  • A professionally-designed website can be an excellent promotion tool, allowing businesses to inexpensively post up-to-date information on products and services. Most businesses that do not normally promote through the web still have simple websites containing basic information about the business (contact information, directions, etc.) (Don't have one for your business yet? Here's why Your Small Business Really Really Needs a Website.)
  • Social media is a popular, inexpensive form of online business promotion. Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube can be effective in reaching customers (see How to Create a Social Media Plan, How to Create a Fan Page on Facebook and How to Promote your Business on Twitter).  If you are skilled with taking video (or know someone who is) you can record video promotions of your products or services and post them on YouTube.

  • The "Elevator Pitch" is used by business people to give a short two or three sentence description of what their business does and how their products or services might benefit the potential customer(s).
  • Business cards are still one of the most commonly used forms of business promotion, even in the digital age. In fact, in Asian countries exchanging business cards has become a ritual. All types of business documents are used for promotional purposes as well; letterheads and email signatures typically contain the company logo and promotional tag line.
  • Vehicle Decorations (wraps) are hugely popular for business promotion - almost every business vehicle on the road today is used as a mobile billboard, with professionally-designed business logo, tag line, and contact information. The Outdoor Advertising Association of America estimates that a single vehicle wrap can generate 30,000 to 70,000 views per day (depending on the locale, population size, etc.), making it one of the most inexpensive ways to promote your business.
  • Flyers may be old fashioned but can still be highly effective promotional tools. A service company performing work at a residence in a neighborhood can easily drop flyers into neighboring mailboxes. For example, a painter, roofer, or landscaper who does an excellent job on a house or building can (in addition to the obvious quality of his/her work) further promote their business by having flyers available to interested parties.
  • Hosting or sponsoring charity events is a great way to get a business known in the community.

Also Known As: Promo. Often confused with advertising or marketing.

Examples: Contests and advertising are two examples of popular promotion activities.

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