Three-year CDs are an easy way to earn some serious interest on a lump sum of cash that you won’t need to touch for a while. They’re in the middle of the range of CD terms (most banks offer terms from about three months to five years) and as such, they can be an important component of a CD ladder.
We review more than 150 banks and credit unions to find the best rates available nationwide for 3-year CDs. We track annual percentage yields and re-evaluate the list every weekday. All accounts are available to the public and are insured by either the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. or the National Credit Union Administration.
For this list, we considered products that lock in deposits for 30 to 41 months. Our rankings are based primarily on the best APY. In the case of a tie, we then look at the CD with the shortest term, then with the lowest minimum deposit required to earn the APY. From there, we compare the penalties for early withdrawal. These factors allow us to ultimately decide which banks earn their spots in our rankings.
Here are the top 3-year CD rates as of July 2, 2020. Unless otherwise noted, all require you to leave your money on deposit for 36 months.
APYs are changing rapidly amid widespread uncertainty about the economy and financial markets. The Balance is monitoring rates and updating them accordingly.
Best 3-Year CD Rates
|Bank or Credit Union||APY||Minimum Deposit||Early Withdrawal Penalty|
|Georgia's Own Credit Union||1.45%||$500||9 months of interest|
|Pen Air Federal Credit Union||1.45%||$500||6 months of interest|
|MAC Federal Credit Union||1.45%||$1,000||3 months of interest|
|Dow Chemical Employees' Credit Union||1.30%||$500||12 months of interest|
|State Department Federal Credit Union||1.26%||$500||All interest earned up to 6 months|
|Connexus Credit Union||1.26%||$5,000||6 months of interest|
|CommunityWide Federal Credit Union (30 months)||1.25%||$1,000||Complex formula; exercise caution|
|Bank of Baroda (3 years to less than 5 years)||1.25%||$1,000||1% of interest rate|
|CommunityWide Federal Credit Union||1.25%||$1,000||Complex formula; exercise caution|
|State Bank of India Chicago||1.21%||$2,500||6 months of interest|
Here are details about the institutions on our list.
Based out of Atlanta, Georgia’s Own Credit Union has been around since 1934 and has about 184,000 members and $2 billion in assets as of June 2020. While living in certain parts of Georgia is one way to qualify for membership, you also can join by first becoming a member of the Getting Ahead Association for $5 or Georgia’s Own Foundation for $10. As with most other credit unions, you’ll also need to keep at least $5 in a savings account in order to keep your membership active.
It may be easier to join Pen Air Federal than some of the other credit unions on this list since all you need is to join the Friends of Navy Marine Corps Relief Society if you don’t have the other affiliations listed on the Pen Air website. Pen Air will even make a $1 donation to the organization for you. You’ll also need to make a $25 deposit in a savings account to join.
Founded in 1936, Pen Air Federal Credit Union is the largest and oldest local credit union in Pensacola, Florida. While there are only 15 locations in Northwest Florida and Southeast Alabama, there are more than 109,000 members nationwide.
In addition to CDs ranging in terms from three months to five years, personal and business savings, checking, and various accounts and lending products also are available.
MAC Federal Credit Union offers members financial products like checking, savings, and money market accounts, credit cards, insurance, and more. Originally founded in 1952 to serve the active duty and civil service personnel in Fort Wainwright, Alaska, the credit union is now open to anyone who purchases a two-year membership for $40 to the Association of the United States Army. When applying for the membership, just change the chapter to the Polar Bear Chapter in Fort Wainwright, Alaska.
Based in Midland, Michigan, Dow Chemical Employees’ Credit Union was founded in 1937 and has more than 69,000 members and $1.8 billion in assets. Membership is available to employees of Dow Chemical, Dow Corning, and their affiliates, as well as to members of the Midland Country Club and Great Lakes Loons Founders Club. Additionally, employees of more than 70 other businesses and organizations are eligible.
In addition to CDs, the credit union provides options for checking, savings, and multiple lending options.
Eight U.S. State Department employees helped launch State Department Federal Credit Union in 1935. Headquartered in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia, the credit union offers membership to anyone associated with dozens of partner organizations, in addition to State Department employees. As of June 2020, the credit union boasted more than 86,000 members and $1.9 billion in assets.
Connexus Credit Union serves members nationwide through online banking and as a member of the CO-OP shared network. CO-OP and MoneyPass ATMs also are surcharge-free for members. The credit union is based in Wisconsin and has branches there as well as in Minnesota, Ohio, and New Hampshire.
Membership is available to residents of several communities in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Ohio, and to anyone affiliated with one of multiple organizations, employers, or schools, including the Connexus Association, which anyone can join for $5.
CommunityWide Federal Credit Union was founded in 1967 and is based in northern Indiana. If you don’t live in the area or meet its employment-based membership criteria or have a family member who’s already a member, you easily can join by becoming a donor member of a partner organization such as the Marine Corps League of St. Joseph Valley, which starts at $15 per year. You must deposit $5 in savings. It’s also part of the CO-OP shared branching network.
The Bank of Baroda probably isn’t a name you’ve likely heard of before. That’s because it’s a multinational bank originating in India, and its primary business is in helping Indian expats send money back to their home country. Bank of Baroda only dips its toes in the deposit accounts world by offering business bank accounts and personal CDs with 1-month to 5-year terms.
The State Bank of India (SBI) dates all the way back to 1806 when it was founded as the Bank of Calcutta. It has had a U.S. presence since 1975 when it opened a branch in Chicago. In addition to remittance to India services, the bank offers personal and business accounts, high-yield CDs, and more. SBI sometimes offers special rates for senior citizens, defined as customers age 60 or older.
What Is a 3-Year CD?
A certificate of deposit (CD), offered by banks and credit unions, provides a fixed interest rate (typically higher than other account types) in return for the account holder agreeing to leave the deposit for a set amount of time. Because the rate is fixed, the account holder knows exactly how much the CD will earn when it matures. For a 3-year CD, the account holder agrees not to touch the deposit for 30-41 months, depending on the bank or credit union. At the end of the term, the full interest will be added to the deposit amount. The customer then has the option to withdraw the full amount or renew or change the CD.
Who Is a 3-Year CD Best For?
A 3-year CD is appropriate for someone who wants to earn more interest than a typical savings account would offer.
Remember, you have to be OK with locking up your money for three years. That’s because there usually are early withdrawal penalties, and if you have to give back earnings to pay those penalties, it will have been a wasted opportunity.
A common reason to consider a 3-year CD is to save for some sort of life milestone that is set to take place a few years in the future. Perhaps your daughter’s Sweet 16 or a big wedding anniversary trip to Europe is on the horizon. The idea is that it’s an investment for the not-so-near future. Opening a CD helps safeguard your money, and lets you collect some interest while you wait for it to mature.
Typically, the longer the term, the higher the rate you’ll receive. A 3-year CD also can be used as part of a CD ladder. With a CD ladder, you buy CDs of varying lengths to mitigate the risks of locking all your money into one long-term CD.
What Are the Alternatives to a 3-Year CD?
If you’re looking for a savings option, a 3-year CD is just one of them. When choosing the best approach for you, the key is to think about your current financial situation, your goals, and your saving/spending habits. Beyond a 3-year CD, there are some other options to consider.
Explore Different CD Terms
If you know you want to go the CD route, you may decide to go with a shorter or longer term, depending on your needs. Shorter-term CDs allow you access to your money sooner but probably will have a lower APY. Longer terms likely will earn more but will separate you from your money for a bigger stretch of time.
What’s the difference between interest rate and annual percentage yield (APY)? The interest rate is what the bank actually pays you for your money. The APY is what you actually receive, on an annualized basis, after fees and compounding are factored in. If you’ve wondered why the advertised interest rates on CDs often are lower than their APYs, it’s because of compounding—the bank is paying interest on the interest it has already paid you!
High-Yield Savings Accounts
If you’d rather not tie up your money, you might consider an online savings account. Some APYs are close to what you’d earn from a 3-year CD. The difference is that savings account rates fluctuate. If opening a CD will help ensure that you won’t end up spending your savings, then that route might make the most sense for you.
If you prefer instant account access, we have partnered with the following banks to bring you the high-yield savings and money market account offers displayed in the table.