Army Physical Fitness Test: Requirements and Tips to Pass the Events

Need to improve your APFT performance? Try these strategies

men running in army physical fitness test (APFT)
Image courtesy army.mil

U.S. Army soldiers are required to take a physical fitness test at least once each calendar year that measures their muscle strength, cardiovascular strength, and endurance.

The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) test uses three events to measure physical fitness: push-ups, sit-ups, and a timed two-mile run. Soldiers must score a minimum of 60 points on each event.

The test also can affect whether or not you get promoted, since scores are used in the Army Enlisted Promotion System.

How the Army Physical Fitness Test Is Performed

The test is administered in accordance with the procedures detailed in the Army Field Manual 7-22.

Soldiers who fail any portion of the Army PFT must re-take the entire Army PFT within three months (unless they have an approved medical profile). Soldiers who fail the Army PFT are flagged in accordance with Army Regulation 600-8-2, Suspension of Favorable Personnel Actions, and are not eligible for promotion, reenlistment or enlistment extension.  

If you can't complete the two-mile run due to medical reasons, Army regulations allow alternate aerobic events. There aren't any substitutes for the sit-ups and push-ups.

How to Improve Your Army PFT Score

Here are some tips to improve your scores in the push-ups, sit-ups, and two-mile timed run events:

  • Push-ups. Proper hand placement can determine how well you perform. Place your hands at just below shoulder height and just greater than shoulder width apart, with fingers pointing at the 11 o'clock (left hand) and the 1 o'clock (right hand) positions. Your upper arms (above the elbows) should create a 45-degree angle with your torso when in the "down" position. Practice push-ups every other day using a variety of set and repetition numbers, but push your ability to do push-ups and you will improve your push-ups.
  • Situps. Pace yourself. Many people fail sit-ups because they start out too fast and fail to match their performance in the first 30 seconds in the rest of the event. Set a goal pace of (approximately) 20 sit-ups in 30 seconds. That will give you 40 sit-ups in one minute and 80 sit-ups in two minutes, for an above-average score. This can be done with practice three to four days a week in timed 30-second and one-minute sets.
  • Two-Mile Timed Run. You have to practice running to run a two-mile run faster. Plan to run four to five days a week. Alternate with fast run intervals of 1/4 to 1/2 mile distances at above pace speed, as this will help you to develop "muscle memory" for your pace. Build up to running two to three miles of distance a day, four to five days a week in order to master the two-mile timed run. Learn to do a two-mile run after days you do upper-body work (push-ups, sit-ups, pull-ups) so you get used to the transitions of the actual test.

For pushups and situps, you can actually increase your scores significantly in two weeks.  There is a system called the Pushup Push and the Situp Push where you do pushups and situps every day for 10 days straight.  Then you rest from doing any pushup or abdominal exercise for 3 days and you re-test yourself on day 14.  Typical increases can be as high as 50% depending upon your starting point.  The basis of this program is to take your current test score and multiply it by 5.

 That is your total number of pushups and situps you need to do each day.  So if you can do 20 pushups or 20 situps then your daily total of pushups / situps is 100.  You can do this number in a single workout or spread it throughout the day.  NOTE:  This workout program works best if your current scores on the APFT is under 50 pushups and situps. 

One final tip: Transition from the upper body calisthenics part of the ArmyPFT test makes running the two-mile timed run more difficult. Use the "rest time" in between events to stretch your upper body prior to running in order to get your best performance on the fitness test.

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