Army MOS 12M -- Firefighter

Fire Fighter MOS 12M

Airman Basic Tyler Wells drags a rescue dummy 100 feet as part of the fireman's physical training evaluation. Photo courtesy U.S. Air Force; photo by: Master Sgt. Lance Cheung

Army firefighters are responsible for protecting lives and property from fire. Firefighters control fires and help prevent them in buildings, aircraft and aboard ships. Firefighters supervise or performs firefighting, rescue, salvage and fire protection operations.

Following Army Basic Military Training, new soldiers head to Goodfellow Air Force Base in Texas to attend the basic fire protection course at Louis F.

Garland Department of Defense Fire Academy. Job training for firefighter requires 10 weeks of Basic Combat Training and 13 weeks of Advanced Individual Training.  In the Department of Defense Fire Academy, you will learn all of the techniques used to fight fires both in the military and civilian worlds. 

During this AIT, you will learn the following skills:

  • Fire Protection Fundamentals
  • Fire Behavior
  • Fire Alarm Communications
  • Building Construction
  • Fire Prevention
  • Emergency Medical Care
  • Responder Skills
  • Structural Firefighting Principles
  • Forcible Entry
  • Ropes, Knots and Rescue Practices
  • Rescue Activities and Vehicle Extrication
  • Ladder and Ventilation Practices
  • Structural Fire Ground Operations
  • Water Supplies
  • Hazardous Material Responder
  • Aircraft Rescue Firefighting

Part of this time is spent in the classroom and part in the field, including practice in fighting fires.

Some of the skills you’ll learn about: Fighting different types of fires, firefighting equipment operations and first aid and rescue procedures.

Training Details

Course includes instruction in techniques of firefighting and fire protection operations for aircraft, structures, missiles, weapons, miscellaneous fires, and emergency first aid procedures.

Other areas covered: Performing rescue and firefighting operations during structural fires, aircraft crash incidents, vehicle emergencies and natural cover fires, performing emergency response duties during hazardous materials incidents, operating pumps, hoses and extinguishers, forcing entry into aircraft, vehicles and buildings in order to fight fires and rescue personnel , driving firefighting trucks and emergency rescue vehicles, giving first aid to injured personnel, inspecting aircraft, buildings and equipment for fire hazards, and repairing firefighting equipment and filling fire extinguishers.

Duties performed by Soldiers in this MOS include

Directs rescue and firefighting operations during structural fires, aircraft crash incidents, vehicle emergencies, and natural cover fires. Directs emergency response crews during hazardous materials incidents. Maintains records and reports on fire department operations.

ASVAB Score Required: 88 in aptitude area GM

Security ClearanceNone

Strength Requirement: very heavy.

Physical Profile Requirement: 111121

Other Requirements

  • Normal color vision required
  • No record of pyrophobia, acrophobia, or claustrophobia
  • Must possess a valid state motor vehicle operator license

Similar Civilian Occupations

  • Fire Fighters

Initial Training Overview:

Job training for this MOS consists of nine weeks of Basic Training, plus 13 weeks, one day of Advanced Individual Training (AIT) at Goodfellow Air Force Base, Texas, including practice in fighting fires.

Additional Training Information:

Specific formal training opportunities for this MOS, including advanced training courses available at specific points of the soldier's career, can be found on the Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS) Web Site.


During Basic Training and Advanced Individual Training (AIT), the Army limits a soldier's personal freedom, using a "Phase System," which grants increased freedom, based upon phase of training.