Army Enlisted Job (MOS) Descriptions

Enlisted Soldiers make up the back bone of the United States Army. The enlisted soldier's service is a powerful, adaptable force that can be called upon at any time to respond to any threat. While Officers will give orders, Enlisted Soldiers must apply the determination and skill to achieve mission success even in the most difficult and harshest of conditions. Enlisted Soldiers are highly respected for their sense of duty and the many sacrifices they have made for love and respect of their country.

Much like employees of any chosen corporation, Enlisted Soldiers perform specific job functions and have the knowledge that ensures the success of their unit's current mission within the Army.

Today's "Expeditionary Army" is a modern and powerful military force redesigning to a goal of 68,500 officers, 12,000 warrant officers, and over 400,000 enlisted soldiers. Army men and women work in many types of jobs, ranging from general administration to the operation and maintenance of the Army's many thousands of weapons, vehicles, aircraft, and highly technical electronic systems.

To become an Enlisted Soldier in the U.S. Army, you must be: A U.S. citizen or permanent resident alien; 17-35 years old; healthy and in good physical condition; in good moral standing; have a High School Diploma or equivalent. However, some Army jobs may require additional qualifications of applicants.

The responsibilities of Enlisted Soldiers depend on their specific Army job — called a Military Occupational Specialty (MOS).

The Army has over 150 MOSs available for enlisted Soldiers. Listed below are Army enlisted career fields. Click on each career field so see a list of MOS's that fall under that career, as well as links to complete information about that MOS (job).

Administrative Support -- Features support jobs dealing with Army personnel, administration, finance, legal, information and religious services.

Roles and responsibilities include in Administrative Support include clerical to supervisory positions. Army human resources jobs can also be found here. Jobs include administrative specialists (e.g. aviation operations, finance) and religious support.

Arts and Media--Covers the administration, communication and supervision of Army affairs for both military and civilian audiences. Jobs include broadcast technicians, graphic designers, translators, journalists and musicians. Those who chose a career in the arts and media will be the Army's contact with the public, members of the Army bands and producers of the Army's brochures and films.

Combat--Involves Army reconnaissance, security and other aspects of both offensive and defensive combat situations. Jobs include artillery specialists, infantry, special operations and tank crew. All combat MOSs are currently closed to women.

Computers & Technology--Includes technical and informational support for a variety of areas. Positions available in computers, communications, environmental health, intelligence, explosives and unmanned vehicle operations.

Construction & Engineering--Consists of jobs in every aspect of construction, including electrical, carpentry, masonry and plumbing, as well as heavy equipment operation and supervising construction engineering.

Intelligence & Combat Support--Supports U.S. Army personnel involved directly in combat. They work behind-the-scenes to support and provide intelligence to Soldiers on the field. Jobs include food services, watercraft operators, intelligence analysts, translators, interpreters and topography specialists.

Legal & Law Enforcement--Focuses on keeping the people and property of the Army safe. MOSs include firefighters, military police, criminal investigators, security and emergency specialists.

Mechanics--Tasked with keeping the Army's vehicles and machines in proper running order. MOSs range from heating and cooling mechanics to vehicle mechanics who service aircraft, wheeled and tracked vehicles, heavy equipment and watercraft.

Medical & Emergency--Addresses jobs in the medical, dental and veterinary fields.

These MOSs cover a variety of responsibilities throughout the military health care field, from clinical settings to point of injury.

Transportation & Aviation--Involves the coordination and supervision of personnel, equipment and procedures for proper transportation and use of Army materials throughout the world. Jobs include air traffic controllers, railway equipment repairers, parachute riggers and truck maintainers.

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